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Toxins 2016, 8(5), 145;

Degradation of Swainsonine by the NADP-Dependent Alcohol Dehydrogenase A1R6C3 in Arthrobacter sp. HW08

College of Veterinary Medicine, Northwest A & F University, No. 22 Xinong Road, Yangling 712100, China
Hulun Buir Animal Epidemic Prevention and Control Center, Hulun Buir 021000, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Pang-Chui Shaw
Received: 9 March 2016 / Revised: 29 April 2016 / Accepted: 5 May 2016 / Published: 16 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Plant Toxins)
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Swainsonine is an indolizidine alkaloid that has been found in locoweeds and some fungi. Our previous study demonstrated that Arthrobacter sp. HW08 or its crude enzyme extract could degrade swainsonie efficiently. However, the mechanism of swainsonine degradation in bacteria remains unclear. In this study, we used label-free quantitative proteomics method based on liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry to dissect the mechanism of swainsonine biodegradation by Arthrobacter sp. HW08. The results showed that 129 differentially expressed proteins were relevant to swainsonine degradation. These differentially expressed proteins were mostly related to the biological process of metabolism and the molecular function of catalytic activity. Among the 129 differentially expressed proteins, putative sugar phosphate isomerase/epimerase A1R5X7, Acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase A0JZ95, and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP)-dependent alcohol dehydrogenase A1R6C3 were found to contribute to the swainsonine degradation. Notably, NADP-dependent alcohol dehyrodgenase A1R6C3 appeared to play a major role in degrading swainsonine, but not as much as Arthrobacter sp. HW08 did. Collectively, our findings here provide insights to understand the mechanism of swainsonine degradation in bacteria. View Full-Text
Keywords: swainsonine; Arthrobacter sp.; alcohol dehydrogenase; proteomics; degradation swainsonine; Arthrobacter sp.; alcohol dehydrogenase; proteomics; degradation

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Wang, Y.; Zhai, A.; Zhang, Y.; Qiu, K.; Wang, J.; Li, Q. Degradation of Swainsonine by the NADP-Dependent Alcohol Dehydrogenase A1R6C3 in Arthrobacter sp. HW08. Toxins 2016, 8, 145.

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