Next Article in Journal
Activities and Effects of Ergot Alkaloids on Livestock Physiology and Production
Next Article in Special Issue
O’Leary-Sant Symptom Index Predicts the Treatment Outcome for OnabotulinumtoxinA Injections for Refractory Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome
Previous Article in Journal
Deoxynivalenol & Deoxynivalenol-3-Glucoside Mitigation through Bakery Production Strategies: Effective Experimental Design within Industrial Rusk-Making Technology
Previous Article in Special Issue
Treatment of Chronic Migraine with OnabotulinumtoxinA: Mode of Action, Efficacy and Safety
Open AccessReview

Temporomandibular Myofacial Pain Treated with Botulinum Toxin Injection

by 1,2,*, 1,2 and 1,2
1
Mount Sinai Roosevelt Hospital, Department of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery, New York, NY 10019, USA
2
Head and Neck Surgical Group—New York Center for Voice and Swallowing Disorders, New York, NY 10019, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Holger Barth
Toxins 2015, 7(8), 2791-2800; https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins7082791
Received: 14 June 2015 / Accepted: 13 July 2015 / Published: 24 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Collection Botulinum Toxins on Human Pain)
This article reviews the diagnoses and treatment of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and outlines of the role of botulinum toxin (BoNT) in the treatment of myofacial TMD. This manuscript includes a brief history of the use of BoNT in the treatment of pain, the mechanism of action of BoNT, and the techniques for injections, adverse effects and contraindications when using BoNT to treat mayofacial pain caused by TMD. View Full-Text
Keywords: temporomandibular joint; temporomandibular disorders; botulinum toxin; myofacial pain temporomandibular joint; temporomandibular disorders; botulinum toxin; myofacial pain
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Mor, N.; Tang, C.; Blitzer, A. Temporomandibular Myofacial Pain Treated with Botulinum Toxin Injection. Toxins 2015, 7, 2791-2800.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Access Map

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Back to TopTop