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Toxins 2015, 7(8), 2791-2800;

Temporomandibular Myofacial Pain Treated with Botulinum Toxin Injection

Mount Sinai Roosevelt Hospital, Department of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery, New York, NY 10019, USA
Head and Neck Surgical Group—New York Center for Voice and Swallowing Disorders, New York, NY 10019, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Holger Barth
Received: 14 June 2015 / Accepted: 13 July 2015 / Published: 24 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Collection Botulinum Toxins on Human Pain)
Full-Text   |   PDF [447 KB, uploaded 24 July 2015]   |  


This article reviews the diagnoses and treatment of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and outlines of the role of botulinum toxin (BoNT) in the treatment of myofacial TMD. This manuscript includes a brief history of the use of BoNT in the treatment of pain, the mechanism of action of BoNT, and the techniques for injections, adverse effects and contraindications when using BoNT to treat mayofacial pain caused by TMD. View Full-Text
Keywords: temporomandibular joint; temporomandibular disorders; botulinum toxin; myofacial pain temporomandibular joint; temporomandibular disorders; botulinum toxin; myofacial pain

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Mor, N.; Tang, C.; Blitzer, A. Temporomandibular Myofacial Pain Treated with Botulinum Toxin Injection. Toxins 2015, 7, 2791-2800.

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