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Venom Proteins from Parasitoid Wasps and Their Biological Functions

Institut de Recherche sur la Biologie de l'Insecte, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique Unité Mixte de Recherche 7261, Université François-Rabelais, Unité de Formation et de Recherche Sciences et Techniques, Parc Grandmont, 37200 Tours, France
School of Biological Sciences, the University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4067, Australia
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: R. Manjunatha Kini
Toxins 2015, 7(7), 2385-2412;
Received: 20 May 2015 / Revised: 16 June 2015 / Accepted: 16 June 2015 / Published: 26 June 2015
PDF [573 KB, uploaded 26 June 2015]


Parasitoid wasps are valuable biological control agents that suppress their host populations. Factors introduced by the female wasp at parasitization play significant roles in facilitating successful development of the parasitoid larva either inside (endoparasitoid) or outside (ectoparasitoid) the host. Wasp venoms consist of a complex cocktail of proteinacious and non-proteinacious components that may offer agrichemicals as well as pharmaceutical components to improve pest management or health related disorders. Undesirably, the constituents of only a small number of wasp venoms are known. In this article, we review the latest research on venom from parasitoid wasps with an emphasis on their biological function, applications and new approaches used in venom studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: venom; endoparasitoid; ectoparasitoids; parasitism; host; wasp venom; endoparasitoid; ectoparasitoids; parasitism; host; wasp
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Moreau, S.J.M.; Asgari, S. Venom Proteins from Parasitoid Wasps and Their Biological Functions. Toxins 2015, 7, 2385-2412.

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