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Review

Zearalenone and Its Metabolites—General Overview, Occurrence, and Toxicity

Department of Physiology and Toxicology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Kazimierz Wielki University, Chodkiewicza 30, 85-064 Bydgoszcz, Poland
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Toxins 2021, 13(1), 35; https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins13010035
Received: 18 December 2020 / Revised: 29 December 2020 / Accepted: 1 January 2021 / Published: 6 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Occurrence and Risk Assessment of Mycotoxins)
Mycotoxins are secondary metabolites of filamentous fungi and represent one of the most common groups of food contaminants with low molecular weight. These toxins are considered common and can affect the food chain at various stages of production, harvesting, storage and processing. Zearalenone is one of over 400 detected mycotoxins and produced by fungi of the genus Fusarium; it mainly has estrogenic effects on various organisms. Contaminated products can lead to huge economic losses and pose risks to animals and humans. In this review, we systemize information on zearalenone and its major metabolites. View Full-Text
Keywords: mycotoxin; zearalenone; contamination; toxicity; public health mycotoxin; zearalenone; contamination; toxicity; public health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ropejko, K.; Twarużek, M. Zearalenone and Its Metabolites—General Overview, Occurrence, and Toxicity. Toxins 2021, 13, 35. https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins13010035

AMA Style

Ropejko K, Twarużek M. Zearalenone and Its Metabolites—General Overview, Occurrence, and Toxicity. Toxins. 2021; 13(1):35. https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins13010035

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ropejko, Karolina, and Magdalena Twarużek. 2021. "Zearalenone and Its Metabolites—General Overview, Occurrence, and Toxicity" Toxins 13, no. 1: 35. https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins13010035

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