Next Article in Journal
A Monoclonal Antibody against the C-Terminal Domain of Bacillus cereus Hemolysin II Inhibits HlyII Cytolytic Activity
Previous Article in Journal
Engineering an Effective Human SNAP-23 Cleaving Botulinum Neurotoxin A Variant
Open AccessReview

Industrial Applications of Dinoflagellate Phycotoxins Based on Their Modes of Action: A Review

1
Department of Applied Marine Bioresource Science, National Marine Biodiversity Institute of Korea (MABIK), Seocheon-gun, Chungchungnam-do 33662, Korea
2
Growth Engine Research Department, Chungbuk Research Institute (CRI), Chungju, Chungchungbuk-do 28517, Korea
3
Department of Environmental and Urban Research, Jeju Research Institute, Jeju-si, Jeju-do 63147, Korea
4
Daegu Center, Korea Basic Science Institute (KBSI), Daegu, Gyeongsangbuk-do 41566, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Toxins 2020, 12(12), 805; https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins12120805
Received: 24 November 2020 / Revised: 15 December 2020 / Accepted: 15 December 2020 / Published: 18 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Marine and Freshwater Toxins)
Dinoflagellates are an important group of phytoplanktons, characterized by two dissimilar flagella and distinctive features of both plants and animals. Dinoflagellate-generated harmful algal blooms (HABs) and associated damage frequently occur in coastal areas, which are concomitant with increasing eutrophication and climate change derived from anthropogenic waste and atmospheric carbon dioxide, respectively. The severe damage and harmful effects of dinoflagellate phycotoxins in the fishing industry have been recognized over the past few decades, and the management and monitoring of HABs have attracted much attention, leaving aside the industrial application of their valuable toxins. Specific modes of action of the organisms’ toxins can effectively be utilized for producing beneficial materials, such as Botox and other therapeutic agents. This review aims to explore the potential industrial applications of marine dinoflagellate phycotoxins; furthermore, this review focuses on their modes of action and summarizes the available knowledge on them. View Full-Text
Keywords: harmful algal bloom; dinoflagellate; phycotoxins; industrial application; red tide harmful algal bloom; dinoflagellate; phycotoxins; industrial application; red tide
MDPI and ACS Style

Cho, K.; Heo, J.; Han, J.; Hong, H.D.; Jeon, H.; Hwang, H.-J.; Hong, C.-Y.; Kim, D.; Han, J.W.; Baek, K. Industrial Applications of Dinoflagellate Phycotoxins Based on Their Modes of Action: A Review. Toxins 2020, 12, 805. https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins12120805

AMA Style

Cho K, Heo J, Han J, Hong HD, Jeon H, Hwang H-J, Hong C-Y, Kim D, Han JW, Baek K. Industrial Applications of Dinoflagellate Phycotoxins Based on Their Modes of Action: A Review. Toxins. 2020; 12(12):805. https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins12120805

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cho, Kichul; Heo, Jina; Han, Jinwook; Hong, Hyun D.; Jeon, Hancheol; Hwang, Hyun-Ju; Hong, Chang-Yu; Kim, Daekyung; Han, Jong W.; Baek, Kyunghwa. 2020. "Industrial Applications of Dinoflagellate Phycotoxins Based on Their Modes of Action: A Review" Toxins 12, no. 12: 805. https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins12120805

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop