Next Article in Journal
Fructo-Oligosaccharide (DFA III) Feed Supplementation for Mitigation of Mycotoxin Exposure in Cattle—Clinical Evaluation by a Urinary Zearalenone Monitoring System
Next Article in Special Issue
Detection of Clostridium tetani Neurotoxins Inhibited In Vivo by Botulinum Antitoxin B: Potential for Misleading Mouse Test Results in Food Controls
Previous Article in Journal
Synthesis, Structure and Biological Activity of CIA and CIB, Two α-Conotoxins from the Predation-Evoked Venom of Conus catus
Previous Article in Special Issue
Monocentric Prospective Study into the Sustained Effect of Incobotulinumtoxin A (XEOMIN®) Botulinum Toxin in Chronic Refractory Migraine
Open AccessReview

Botulinum Toxin for Central Neuropathic Pain

1
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Seoul St. Mary’s Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, 222, Banpo-daero, Seocho-gu, Seoul 06591, Korea
2
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, St. Paul’s Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Wangsan-ro 180, Dongdaemoon-Gu, Seoul 02559, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Toxins 2018, 10(6), 224; https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins10060224
Received: 30 April 2018 / Revised: 26 May 2018 / Accepted: 28 May 2018 / Published: 1 June 2018
Botulinum toxin (BTX) is widely used to treat muscle spasticity by acting on motor neurons. Recently, studies of the effects of BTX on sensory nerves have been reported and several studies have been conducted to evaluate its effects on peripheral and central neuropathic pain. Central neuropathic pain includes spinal cord injury-related neuropathic pain, post-stroke shoulder pain, multiple sclerosis-related pain, and complex regional pain syndrome. This article reviews the mechanism of central neuropathic pain and assesses the effect of BTX on central neuropathic pain. View Full-Text
Keywords: botulinum toxin; BTX; central neuropathic pain; spinal cord injury; post-stroke shoulder pain; complex regional pain syndrome botulinum toxin; BTX; central neuropathic pain; spinal cord injury; post-stroke shoulder pain; complex regional pain syndrome
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Park, J.; Chung, M.E. Botulinum Toxin for Central Neuropathic Pain. Toxins 2018, 10, 224.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop