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Fiber Patterns in Young Adults Living in Different Environments (USA, Spain, and Tunisia). Anthropometric and Lifestyle Characteristics

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Department of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Nursing, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Avda. de España, s/n, 02071 Albacete, Spain
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Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Computer Science Engineering, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Avda. de España, s/n, 02071 Albacete, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2017, 9(9), 1030; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9091030
Received: 21 July 2017 / Revised: 14 August 2017 / Accepted: 13 September 2017 / Published: 18 September 2017
Benefits of dietary fiber go beyond its effect on chronic diseases associated with development. Consequently, the pattern of fiber intake has been considered an indicator for diet quality. Young adults are especially vulnerable to a food environment that drives an increase in chronic diseases linked to economic development. The aim of this work was to characterize patterns of fiber intake among university students. A cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 730 students enrolled at the University of Castilla-La Mancha (Spain), the University of Carthage (Tunisia), and Florida International University (USA). Mean age was 21.2. Food consumption was self-reported in two 24-h recalls. Mean dietary fiber intake was 17.8 g, not reaching the adequate intake. Contrary to expectations, American participants were the highest consumers (p < 0.001), and also exhibited the highest BMI. Cereals, legumes, vegetables and fruit were the main food sources of fiber. Fiber from appetizers, prepared and precooked meals, sauces, spices and condiments accounted for 16.7% in American participants, 7.4% in Spanish participants and 2.6% in Tunisian participants. Total fiber intake increased with energy intake but did not depend on smoking habits and physical activity in any country. It is essential to improve consumers’ interpretation of guidelines on fiber intake. View Full-Text
Keywords: diet; fiber; socioeconomic factors; young adults; dietary pattern diet; fiber; socioeconomic factors; young adults; dietary pattern
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García-Meseguer, M.J.; Delicado-Soria, A.; Serrano-Urrea, R. Fiber Patterns in Young Adults Living in Different Environments (USA, Spain, and Tunisia). Anthropometric and Lifestyle Characteristics. Nutrients 2017, 9, 1030.

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