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Open AccessArticle

Food and Nutrients Intake in the School Lunch Program among School Children in Shanghai, China

School of Public Health, Shanghai Jiao Tong University,227 South Chongqing Rd, Huangpu Qu, Shanghai 200025, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2017, 9(6), 582;
Received: 9 April 2017 / Revised: 29 May 2017 / Accepted: 2 June 2017 / Published: 7 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Intake and Behavior in Children)
This study aimed to evaluate the intake of food and nutrients among primary, middle, and high schools students in Shanghai, and provide recommendations for possible amendments in new school lunch standards of Shanghai. Twenty schools were included in the school lunch menu survey. Of those, seven schools enrolled 5389 students and conducted physical measurement of plate waste and a questionnaire survey. The amount of food and nutrients was compared according to the new China National Dietary Guideline for School Children (2016) and Chinese Dietary Reference Intakes (2013). The provision of livestock and poultry meat in menus was almost 5–8 times the recommended amount. The amount of seafood was less than the recommended amount, and mostly came from half-processed food. The average percentage of energy from fat was more than 30% in students of all grades. The greatest amount of food wasted was vegetables with 53%, 42%, and 31%, respectively, among primary, middle and high school students. Intake of Vitamin A, Vitamin B2, calcium, and iron was about 50% of the recommended proportion. Only 24.0% students were satisfied with the taste of school lunches. Higher proportions of livestock and poultry meat and low intake of vegetables have become integral problems in school lunch programs. Additionally, more attention needs to be paid to the serving size in primary schools with five age groups. View Full-Text
Keywords: students; school lunch; nutrient; intake; plate waste students; school lunch; nutrient; intake; plate waste
MDPI and ACS Style

Huang, Z.; Gao, R.; Bawuerjiang, N.; Zhang, Y.; Huang, X.; Cai, M. Food and Nutrients Intake in the School Lunch Program among School Children in Shanghai, China. Nutrients 2017, 9, 582.

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