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Neural and Molecular Mechanisms Involved in Controlling the Quality of Feeding Behavior: Diet Selection and Feeding Patterns
Correction published on 26 April 2018, see Nutrients 2018, 10(5), 540.
Open AccessArticle

Association between Diet Quality and Adiposity in the Atlantic PATH Cohort

Population Cancer Research Program, Department of Pediatrics, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS B3H 4R2, Canada
School of Health and Human Performance, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS B3H 1T8, Canada
Centre of Excellence in Cancer Prevention, School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3, Canada
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2017, 9(10), 1155;
Received: 11 September 2017 / Revised: 18 October 2017 / Accepted: 18 October 2017 / Published: 21 October 2017
The aim of this study was to examine diet quality among participants in the Atlantic Partnership for Tomorrow’s Health (PATH) cohort and to assess the association with adiposity. Data were collected from participants (n = 23,768) aged 35–69 years that were residents of the Atlantic Canadian provinces. Both measured and self-reported data were used to examine adiposity (including body mass index (BMI), abdominal obesity, waist-to-hip ratio and fat mass) and food frequency questionnaires were used to assess diet quality. Overall, diet quality was statistically different among provinces. Of concern, participants across all the provinces reported consuming only 1–2 servings of vegetables and 1–2 servings fruit per day. However, participants also reported some healthy dietary choices such as consuming more servings of whole grains than refined grains, and eating at fast food restaurants ≤1 per month. Significant differences in BMI, body weight, percentage body fat, and fat mass index were also observed among provinces. Adiposity measures were positively associated with consumption of meat/poultry, fish, snack food, sweeteners, diet soft drinks, and frequenting fast food restaurants, and inversely associated with consumption of whole grains and green tea. Although all four provinces are in the Atlantic region, diet quality vary greatly among provinces and are associated with adiposity. View Full-Text
Keywords: diet quality; body mass index; abdominal obesity; fat mass diet quality; body mass index; abdominal obesity; fat mass
MDPI and ACS Style

DeClercq, V.; Cui, Y.; Forbes, C.; Grandy, S.A.; Keats, M.; Parker, L.; Sweeney, E.; Yu, Z.M.; Dummer, T.J. Association between Diet Quality and Adiposity in the Atlantic PATH Cohort. Nutrients 2017, 9, 1155.

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