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Family Food Providers’ Perceptions of the Causes of Obesity and Effectiveness of Weight Control Strategies in Five Countries in the Asia Pacific Region: A Cross-Sectional Survey

1
School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Burwood 3125, Australia
2
Health Promotion Board, 168937 Singapore, Singapore
3
SEAMEO REFCON (Regional Centre for Food and Nutrition) Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta 10038, Indonesia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2017, 9(1), 78; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9010078
Received: 14 November 2016 / Revised: 30 December 2016 / Accepted: 12 January 2017 / Published: 18 January 2017
The rise of the middle classes in developing countries and the associated epidemiological transition raises the importance of assessing this population group’s awareness of the causes of obesity and effective weight control strategies in order to develop effective health promotion strategies. The study aimed to examine the perceptions of the causes of obesity and weight control strategies held by middle class household food providers in Melbourne, Singapore, Shanghai, Indonesia and Vietnam. An online survey was conducted in late 2013, early 2014 among 3945 respondents. Information about body weight concerns, perceived causes of obesity, effectiveness of weight control methods, demographics, self-reported height and weight, and personal values was elicited. Confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) derived nine reliable factors which were used in structural equation modelling (SEM). Two thirds of respondents were trying to change their body weight, of them, 71% were trying to lose weight. The CFA and SEM showed that demographics, region of residence, personal values and perceptions of the causes of obesity (Unhealthy food behaviours, influences Beyond personal control and Environmental influences) had direct and indirect associations with three weight control methods factors, named: Healthy habits, Eat less, sit less, and Dieting. Middle class food providers in the study regions share public health views of obesity causation and personal weight control. These findings could inform public health and food policies, and the design of public health interventions and communications. Further research is required among lower socio economic status (SES) populations. View Full-Text
Keywords: obesity; perceptions; food providers; weight concerns; survey; Asia Pacific obesity; perceptions; food providers; weight concerns; survey; Asia Pacific
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Worsley, A.; Wang, W.; Sarmugam, R.; Pham, Q.; Februhartanty, J.; Ridley, S. Family Food Providers’ Perceptions of the Causes of Obesity and Effectiveness of Weight Control Strategies in Five Countries in the Asia Pacific Region: A Cross-Sectional Survey. Nutrients 2017, 9, 78.

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