Impact of a High-Fat or High-Fiber Diet on Intestinal Microbiota and Metabolic Markers in a Pig Model
AbstractTo further elaborate interactions between nutrition, gut microbiota and host health, an animal model to simulate changes in microbial composition and activity due to dietary changes similar to those in humans is needed. Therefore, the impact of two different diets on cecal and colonic microbial gene copies and metabolic activity, organ development and biochemical parameters in blood serum was investigated using a pig model. Four pigs were either fed a low-fat/high-fiber (LF), or a high-fat/low-fiber (HF) diet for seven weeks, with both diets being isocaloric. A hypotrophic effect of the HF diet on digestive organs could be observed compared to the LF diet (p < 0.05). Higher gene copy numbers of Bacteroides (p < 0.05) and Enterobacteriaceae (p < 0.001) were present in intestinal contents of HF pigs, bifidobacteria were more abundant in LF pigs (p < 0.05). Concentrations of acetate and butyrate were higher in LF pigs (p < 0.05). Glucose was higher in HF pigs, while glutamic pyruvic transaminase (GPT) showed higher concentrations upon feeding the LF diet (p < 0.001). However, C-reactive protein (CRP) decreased with time in LF pigs (p < 0.05). In part, these findings correspond to those in humans, and are in support of the concept of using the pig as human model. View Full-Text
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Heinritz, S.N.; Weiss, E.; Eklund, M.; Aumiller, T.; Heyer, C.M.; Messner, S.; Rings, A.; Louis, S.; Bischoff, S.C.; Mosenthin, R. Impact of a High-Fat or High-Fiber Diet on Intestinal Microbiota and Metabolic Markers in a Pig Model. Nutrients 2016, 8, 317.
Heinritz SN, Weiss E, Eklund M, Aumiller T, Heyer CM, Messner S, Rings A, Louis S, Bischoff SC, Mosenthin R. Impact of a High-Fat or High-Fiber Diet on Intestinal Microbiota and Metabolic Markers in a Pig Model. Nutrients. 2016; 8(5):317.Chicago/Turabian Style
Heinritz, Sonja N.; Weiss, Eva; Eklund, Meike; Aumiller, Tobias; Heyer, Charlotte M.; Messner, Sabine; Rings, Andreas; Louis, Sandrine; Bischoff, Stephan C.; Mosenthin, Rainer. 2016. "Impact of a High-Fat or High-Fiber Diet on Intestinal Microbiota and Metabolic Markers in a Pig Model." Nutrients 8, no. 5: 317.
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