Next Article in Journal
Ginseng Berry Extract Attenuates Dextran Sodium Sulfate-Induced Acute and Chronic Colitis
Next Article in Special Issue
Inequalities in Nutrition between Cambodian Women over the Last 15 Years (2000–2014)
Previous Article in Journal
Long-Term Fructose Intake Increases Adipogenic Potential: Evidence of Direct Effects of Fructose on Adipocyte Precursor Cells
Previous Article in Special Issue
Low Prevalence of Iron and Vitamin A Deficiency among Cambodian Women of Reproductive Age

Low Urinary Iodine Concentration among Mothers and Children in Cambodia

United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), Maternal, Newborn and Child Health and Nutrition section, no11 street 75, Phnom Penh 12202, Cambodia
National Nutrition Program, Maternal and Child Health Center, No 31A, Rue de France (St. 47), Phnom Penh 12202, Cambodia
Department of Fisheries Post-Harvest Technologies and Quality Control (DFPTQ), Fisheries Administration, Ministry of Agriculture Fisheries and Forestry, 186 Preah Norodom Boulevard, Phnom Penh 12000, Cambodia
ICF International, 530 Gaither Road, Suite 500, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
Institute of Research for Development (IRD), UMR Nutripass IRD-UM2-UM1, Montpellier 3400, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Nutrients 2016, 8(4), 172;
Received: 26 October 2015 / Revised: 29 February 2016 / Accepted: 9 March 2016 / Published: 5 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrients and National Strategies to Impact Health)
A 2014 national assessment of salt iodization coverage in Cambodia found that 62% of samples were non-iodized, suggesting a significant decline in daily iodine intakes. The Cambodian Micronutrient Survey conducted in 2014 (CMNS-2014) permitted obtaining national data on urinary iodine concentrations (UIC) to assess iodine status and whether iodized salt use had an impact. Urine samples were collected from mothers (n = 736) and children (n = 950). The median UIC was 63 µg/L and 72 µg/L in mothers and children respectively. More than 60% of mothers and their children had a UIC < 100 µg/L, thereby indicating a serious public health problem. Iodine status was significantly lower among mothers and children living in rural areas, belonging to the poorest socioeconomic category, or living in a household not using iodized salt. The limited enforcement of the legislation for iodized salt has resulted in a major decrease in the prevalence of iodized salt, which in turn has compromised iodine status in Cambodia. It is essential for the government to enhance enforcement of the iodized salt legislation, and implement short term strategies, such as iodine supplementation, to prevent an increase of severe complications due to iodine deficiency in the Cambodian population. View Full-Text
Keywords: Iodine; national survey; Cambodia; Demographic Health Survey; 2014 Iodine; national survey; Cambodia; Demographic Health Survey; 2014
MDPI and ACS Style

Laillou, A.; Sophonneary, P.; Kuong, K.; Hong, R.; Un, S.; Chamnan, C.; Poirot, E.; Berger, J.; Wieringa, F. Low Urinary Iodine Concentration among Mothers and Children in Cambodia. Nutrients 2016, 8, 172.

AMA Style

Laillou A, Sophonneary P, Kuong K, Hong R, Un S, Chamnan C, Poirot E, Berger J, Wieringa F. Low Urinary Iodine Concentration among Mothers and Children in Cambodia. Nutrients. 2016; 8(4):172.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Laillou, Arnaud, Prak Sophonneary, Khov Kuong, Rathavuth Hong, Samoeurn Un, Chhoun Chamnan, Etienne Poirot, Jacques Berger, and Frank Wieringa. 2016. "Low Urinary Iodine Concentration among Mothers and Children in Cambodia" Nutrients 8, no. 4: 172.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop