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Nutrients 2015, 7(2), 970-998;

The ANIBES Study on Energy Balance in Spain: Design, Protocol and Methodology

Spanish Nutrition Foundation (FEN), c/General Álvarez de Castro 20, 1ªpta, 28010 Madrid, Spain
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Navarra, C/Irunlarrea 1, 31008 Pamplona, Spain
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology II, and Institute of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Granada (SPAIN), Campus de la Salud, Avda. del Conocimiento, Armilla, 18100 Granada, Spain
ImFINE Research Group, Department of Health and Human Performance, Technical University of Madrid, c/Martín Fierro7, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Pharmacy, Complutense University, Plaza Ramón y Cajal s/n, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Research Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, c/Doctor Pasteur s/n Trasera del Hospital, 35016 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria Las Palmas, Spain
Department of Pharmaceutical and Health Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, CEU San Pablo University, Urb. Montepríncipe, crta. Boadilla km. 5.3, Boadilla del Monte, 28668 Madrid, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 October 2014 / Revised: 7 January 2015 / Accepted: 22 January 2015 / Published: 4 February 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Balance)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1092 KB, uploaded 4 February 2015]   |  


Energy Balance (EB) is an important topic to understand how an imbalance in its main determinants (energy intake and consumption) may lead to inappropriate weight gain, considered to be “dynamic” and not “static”. There are no studies to evaluate EB in Spain, and new technologies reveal themselves as key tools to solve common problems to precisely quantify energy consumption and expenditure at population level. The overall purpose of the ANIBES (“Anthropometry, Intake and Energy Balance”) Study was to carry out an accurate updating of food and beverage intake, dietary habits/behaviour and anthropometric data of the Spanish population (9–75 years, n = 2009), as well as the energy expenditure and physical activity patterns. Anthropometry measurements (weight, height, body mass index, waist circumference, % body fat, % body water) were obtained; diet was evaluated throughout a three-day dietary record (tablet device) accompanied by a 24 h-dietary recall; physical activity was quantified by questionnaire and accelerometers were also employed. Finally, information about perception and understanding of several issues related to EB was also obtained. The ANIBES study will contribute to provide valuable useful data to inform food policy planning, food based dietary guidelines development and other health oriented actions in Spain. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy balance; dietary intake; physical activity quantification; new technologies; Spanish food and dietary patterns; nutrition surveys energy balance; dietary intake; physical activity quantification; new technologies; Spanish food and dietary patterns; nutrition surveys

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Ruiz, E.; Ávila, J.M.; Castillo, A.; Valero, T.; del Pozo, S.; Rodriguez, P.; Bartrina, J.A.; Gil, Á.; González-Gross, M.; Ortega, R.M.; Serra-Majem, L.; Varela-Moreiras, G. The ANIBES Study on Energy Balance in Spain: Design, Protocol and Methodology. Nutrients 2015, 7, 970-998.

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