Next Article in Journal
Urinary Metabolite Profiles in Premature Infants Show Early Postnatal Metabolic Adaptation and Maturation
Next Article in Special Issue
Consumption of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Is Associated with Components of the Metabolic Syndrome in Adolescents
Previous Article in Journal
Influence of Posture and Frequency Modes in Total Body Water Estimation Using Bioelectrical Impedance Spectroscopy in Boys and Adult Males
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Effect of Normally Consumed Amounts of Sucrose or High Fructose Corn Syrup on Lipid Profiles, Body Composition and Related Parameters in Overweight/Obese Subjects
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Nutrients 2014, 6(5), 1899-1912;

Estimated Intakes and Sources of Total and Added Sugars in the Canadian Diet

Nutrition Information Service, Canadian Sugar Institute, 10 Bay Street, Ste. 620, Toronto, ON M5J 2R8, Canada
Nutritional Sciences and Physiology Director, Program in Food Safety, Nutrition and Regulatory Affairs, Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S3E2, Canada
Resident Physician (PGY-4), Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, HSC-2N22B, 1200 Main St. W, Hamilton, ON L8N 3Z5, Canada
Knowledge Synthesis Lead Toronto 3D Knowledge Synthesis and Clinical Trials Unit, Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Centre, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, #6130-61 Queen Street East, Toronto, ON M5C 2T2, Canada
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 January 2014 / Revised: 29 April 2014 / Accepted: 30 April 2014 / Published: 8 May 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sugar and Obesity)
Full-Text   |   PDF [361 KB, uploaded 8 May 2014]   |  


National food supply data and dietary surveys are essential to estimate nutrient intakes and monitor trends, yet there are few published studies estimating added sugars consumption. The purpose of this report was to estimate and trend added sugars intakes and their contribution to total energy intake among Canadians by, first, using Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) nutrition survey data of intakes of sugars in foods and beverages, and second, using Statistics Canada availability data and adjusting these for wastage to estimate intakes. Added sugars intakes were estimated from CCHS data by categorizing the sugars content of food groups as either added or naturally occurring. Added sugars accounted for approximately half of total sugars consumed. Annual availability data were obtained from Statistics Canada CANSIM database. Estimates for added sugars were obtained by summing the availability of “sugars and syrups” with availability of “soft drinks” (proxy for high fructose corn syrup) and adjusting for waste. Analysis of both survey and availability data suggests that added sugars average 11%–13% of total energy intake. Availability data indicate that added sugars intakes have been stable or modestly declining as a percent of total energy over the past three decades. Although these are best estimates based on available data, this analysis may encourage the development of better databases to help inform public policy recommendations. View Full-Text
Keywords: added sugars; sucrose; high fructose corn syrup; consumption; availability; trends; Canada; food intake added sugars; sucrose; high fructose corn syrup; consumption; availability; trends; Canada; food intake

Graphical abstract

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Brisbois, T.D.; Marsden, S.L.; Anderson, G.H.; Sievenpiper, J.L. Estimated Intakes and Sources of Total and Added Sugars in the Canadian Diet. Nutrients 2014, 6, 1899-1912.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top