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Nutrients 2014, 6(10), 4273-4301;

The Role of Dietary Histone Deacetylases (HDACs) Inhibitors in Health and Disease

Food Nutrition & Health Team, Food & Bio-based Products Group, AgResearch Limited, Grasslands Research Centre, Tennent Drive, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand
Nutrigenomics New Zealand, Private Bag 92019, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 July 2014 / Revised: 6 October 2014 / Accepted: 6 October 2014 / Published: 15 October 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutritional Epigenetics)
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Modification of the histone proteins associated with DNA is an important process in the epigenetic regulation of DNA structure and function. There are several known modifications to histones, including methylation, acetylation, and phosphorylation, and a range of factors influence each of these. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) remove the acetyl group from lysine residues within a range of proteins, including transcription factors and histones. Whilst this means that their influence on cellular processes is more complex and far-reaching than histone modifications alone, their predominant function appears to relate to histones; through deacetylation of lysine residues they can influence expression of genes encoded by DNA linked to the histone molecule. HDAC inhibitors in turn regulate the activity of HDACs, and have been widely used as therapeutics in psychiatry and neurology, in which a number of adverse outcomes are associated with aberrant HDAC function. More recently, dietary HDAC inhibitors have been shown to have a regulatory effect similar to that of pharmacological HDAC inhibitors without the possible side-effects. Here, we discuss a number of dietary HDAC inhibitors, and how they may have therapeutic potential in the context of a whole food. View Full-Text
Keywords: nutritional epigenetics; histone deacetylase; lysine deacetylase; histone deacetylase inhibitors. nutritional epigenetics; histone deacetylase; lysine deacetylase; histone deacetylase inhibitors.

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Bassett, S.A.; Barnett, M.P.G. The Role of Dietary Histone Deacetylases (HDACs) Inhibitors in Health and Disease. Nutrients 2014, 6, 4273-4301.

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