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Optimal Nutrition Parameters for Neonates and Infants with Congenital Heart Disease

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Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Gr. T. Popa’ University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 700115 Iasi, Romania
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Department of Biology, Faculty of Biology, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iasi, Bd. Carol I, 20A, 700505 Iasi, Romania
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Sfânta Maria’ Emergency Children’s Hospital, 700309 Iasi, Romania
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Department of Surgery II – Pediatric Surgery, ”Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 700115 Iasi, Romania
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Department BMTM, “Gheorghe Asachi” Technical University of Iasi, 700050 Iasi, Romania
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Helmut Schroder
Nutrients 2022, 14(8), 1671; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14081671
Received: 28 February 2022 / Revised: 4 April 2022 / Accepted: 11 April 2022 / Published: 17 April 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Pediatric Nutrition)
Congenital heart defects are known causes of malnutrition. Optimal nutritional management is paramount in improving short and long-term prognosis for neonates and infants with congenital heart malformations, as current strategies target preoperative and postoperative feeding requirements. Standardized enteral and/or parenteral feeding protocols, depending on the systemic implications of the cardiac defect, include the following common practices: diagnosing and managing feeding intolerance, choosing the right formula, and implementing a monitoring protocol. The latest guidelines from the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition and the European Society of Paediatric and Neonatal Intensive Care, as well as a significant number of recent scientific studies, offer precious indications for establishing the best feeding parameters for neonates and infants with heart defects. View Full-Text
Keywords: congenital heart disease; nutrition; enteral feeding; parenteral feeding congenital heart disease; nutrition; enteral feeding; parenteral feeding
MDPI and ACS Style

Luca, A.-C.; Miron, I.C.; Mîndru, D.E.; Curpăn, A.Ș.; Stan, R.C.; Țarcă, E.; Luca, F.-A.; Pădureț, A.I. Optimal Nutrition Parameters for Neonates and Infants with Congenital Heart Disease. Nutrients 2022, 14, 1671. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14081671

AMA Style

Luca A-C, Miron IC, Mîndru DE, Curpăn AȘ, Stan RC, Țarcă E, Luca F-A, Pădureț AI. Optimal Nutrition Parameters for Neonates and Infants with Congenital Heart Disease. Nutrients. 2022; 14(8):1671. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14081671

Chicago/Turabian Style

Luca, Alina-Costina, Ingrith Crenguța Miron, Dana Elena Mîndru, Alexandrina Ștefania Curpăn, Ramona Cătălina Stan, Elena Țarcă, Florin-Alexandru Luca, and Alexandra Ioana Pădureț. 2022. "Optimal Nutrition Parameters for Neonates and Infants with Congenital Heart Disease" Nutrients 14, no. 8: 1671. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14081671

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