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Review

The Role of Nutrients in Prevention, Treatment and Post-Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19)

1
Department of Movement Sciences and Wellbeing, University “Parthenope”, 80133 Naples, Italy
2
Neoplastic Progression Unit, Istituto Nazionale Tumori IRCCS “Fondazione G. Pascale”, 80131 Naples, Italy
3
Istituto di Endocrinologia e Oncologia Sperimentale del CNR, Dipartimento di Medicina Molecolare e Biotecnologie mediche, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Via Pansini 5, 80131 Napoli, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alejandro Fernandez-Montero
Nutrients 2022, 14(5), 1000; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14051000
Received: 27 January 2022 / Revised: 23 February 2022 / Accepted: 25 February 2022 / Published: 26 February 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Nutritional Immunology)
SARS-CoV-2 virus, infecting human cells via its spike protein, causes Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). COVID-19 is characterized by shortness of breath, fever, and pneumonia and is sometimes fatal. Unfortunately, to date, there is still no definite therapy to treat COVID-19. Therefore, the World Health Organization (WHO) approved only supportive care. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the need to maintain a correct intake of nutrients to support very weakened patients in overcoming disease arose. The literature available on nutrient intake for COVID-19 is mainly focused on prevention. However, the safe intake of micro- and/or macro-nutrients can be useful either for preventing infection and supporting the immune response during COVID-19, as well as in the post-acute phase, i.e., “long COVID”, that is sometimes characterized by the onset of various long lasting and disabling symptoms. The aim of this review is to focus on the role of nutrient intake during all the different phases of the disease, including prevention, the acute phase, and finally long COVID. View Full-Text
Keywords: pandemic; COVID-19; nutritional supplement; SARS-CoV-2; Long-COVID; ARDS; inflammation; immune system pandemic; COVID-19; nutritional supplement; SARS-CoV-2; Long-COVID; ARDS; inflammation; immune system
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MDPI and ACS Style

Motti, M.L.; Tafuri, D.; Donini, L.; Masucci, M.T.; De Falco, V.; Mazzeo, F. The Role of Nutrients in Prevention, Treatment and Post-Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19). Nutrients 2022, 14, 1000. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14051000

AMA Style

Motti ML, Tafuri D, Donini L, Masucci MT, De Falco V, Mazzeo F. The Role of Nutrients in Prevention, Treatment and Post-Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19). Nutrients. 2022; 14(5):1000. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14051000

Chicago/Turabian Style

Motti, Maria Letizia, Domenico Tafuri, Lorenzo Donini, Maria Teresa Masucci, Valentina De Falco, and Filomena Mazzeo. 2022. "The Role of Nutrients in Prevention, Treatment and Post-Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19)" Nutrients 14, no. 5: 1000. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14051000

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