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Magnesium Nutritional Status, Risk Factors, and the Associations with Glucose Parameters of Childbearing Women in the China Adult Chronic Disease and Nutrition Surveillance (2015)

National Institute for Nutrition and Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100050, China
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Academic Editor: Jean-François Landrier
Nutrients 2022, 14(4), 847; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14040847
Received: 22 January 2022 / Revised: 7 February 2022 / Accepted: 15 February 2022 / Published: 17 February 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Micronutrients and Human Health)
Magnesium is an essential element and participates in many metabolic pathways. Inadequate magnesium levels may lead to various health problems such as type 2 diabetes (T2DM), hypertension, and cancer. But the role of Mg in childbearing women of China is still a relatively narrow researched field. We aimed to assess the Mg nutritional status, explore the risk factors of Mg deficiency, and the associations between Mg and glucose parameters among childbearing women in a nationally representative sample. A total of 1895 18–44 years childbearing women were recruited from the China Adult Chronic Disease and Nutrition Surveillance (2015). Multivariate logistic regression was used to explore the risk factors for Mg deficiency and estimate the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) for the risk of hyperglycemia. The mean value of Mg was 0.87 mmol/L and the prevalence of deficiency was 4.69%. The risk factors of Mg deficiency (Mg < 0.75 mmol/L) was city-type of rural (p = 0.045), while calcium (p = 0.001), LDL-C (p = 0.024), age group of 26–35 years (p = 0.016), 36–44 years (p = 0.006), and CNNM2 rs3740393 genotypes of GC (p = 0.027) were protective factors. It was also found that magnesium deficiency induces an increase in plasma glucose (p = 0.001). Compared with the reference range, Mg < 0.75 mmol/L would have a 6.53 fold risk for T2DM, a 5.31 fold risk for glucose-hyperglycemia, and a 9.60 fold risk for HbA1c-hyperglycemia. Consistently, there was a negative association between plasma Mg and blood glucose parameters in the dose–response study. More attention should be paid to the nutritional status of magnesium and the impact of magnesium deficiency on human health. View Full-Text
Keywords: magnesium status; magnesium deficiency; childbearing women magnesium status; magnesium deficiency; childbearing women
MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, H.; Cao, Y.; Man, Q.; Li, Y.; Jia, S.; Wang, R.; Lu, J.; Yang, L. Magnesium Nutritional Status, Risk Factors, and the Associations with Glucose Parameters of Childbearing Women in the China Adult Chronic Disease and Nutrition Surveillance (2015). Nutrients 2022, 14, 847. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14040847

AMA Style

Zhang H, Cao Y, Man Q, Li Y, Jia S, Wang R, Lu J, Yang L. Magnesium Nutritional Status, Risk Factors, and the Associations with Glucose Parameters of Childbearing Women in the China Adult Chronic Disease and Nutrition Surveillance (2015). Nutrients. 2022; 14(4):847. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14040847

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Huidi, Yang Cao, Qingqing Man, Yuqian Li, Shanshan Jia, Rui Wang, Jiaxi Lu, and Lichen Yang. 2022. "Magnesium Nutritional Status, Risk Factors, and the Associations with Glucose Parameters of Childbearing Women in the China Adult Chronic Disease and Nutrition Surveillance (2015)" Nutrients 14, no. 4: 847. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14040847

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