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Article

SNAP and Cardiometabolic Risk in Youth

1
Department of Public Policy, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC 28262, USA
2
Belk College of Business, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC 28262, USA
3
College of Health and Human Services, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC 28262, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Now at NORC at the University of Chicago.
Now at Texas A&M AgriLife Center in El Paso.
Academic Editors: Alexandra E. van den Berg and Kathryn M. Janda
Nutrients 2022, 14(13), 2756; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14132756
Received: 1 June 2022 / Revised: 25 June 2022 / Accepted: 29 June 2022 / Published: 2 July 2022
Increasing numbers of children and adolescents have unhealthy cardiometabolic risk factors and show signs of developing metabolic syndrome (MetS). Low-income populations tend to have higher levels of risk factors associated with MetS. The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) has the potential to reduce poverty and food insecurity, but little is known about how the program affects MetS. We examine the relationship between SNAP and the cardiometabolic risk factors in children and adolescents using regression discontinuity to control for unobserved differences between participants and nonparticipants. We find that SNAP-eligible youth who experience food insecurity have significantly healthier outcomes compared to food-insecure youth just over the income-eligibility threshold. Our findings suggest that SNAP may be most beneficial to the most disadvantaged households. Policy makers should consider the broad range of potential health benefits of SNAP. View Full-Text
Keywords: food stamps; food security; triglycerides; dyslipidemia food stamps; food security; triglycerides; dyslipidemia
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MDPI and ACS Style

Alfaro-Hudak, K.M.; Schulkind, L.; Racine, E.F.; Zillante, A. SNAP and Cardiometabolic Risk in Youth. Nutrients 2022, 14, 2756. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14132756

AMA Style

Alfaro-Hudak KM, Schulkind L, Racine EF, Zillante A. SNAP and Cardiometabolic Risk in Youth. Nutrients. 2022; 14(13):2756. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14132756

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alfaro-Hudak, Katelin M., Lisa Schulkind, Elizabeth F. Racine, and Arthur Zillante. 2022. "SNAP and Cardiometabolic Risk in Youth" Nutrients 14, no. 13: 2756. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14132756

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