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Article

Caffeine Consumption in a Group of Adolescents from South East Poland—A Cross Sectional Study

1
Department of Nutrition and Drug Research, Institute of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 31-066 Krakow, Poland
2
Collegium Masoviense High School of Health Sciences, 96-300 Zyrardów, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Juan Del Coso
Nutrients 2021, 13(6), 2084; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13062084
Received: 18 May 2021 / Revised: 10 June 2021 / Accepted: 16 June 2021 / Published: 18 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Nutrition and Public Health)
Caffeine is the most common psychoactive substance available to adults, as well as to children and adolescents. The safety of its use in younger age groups requires further research. The aim of this study was to evaluate caffeine intake, to identify products and drinks that are the main sources of caffeine intake in the diet of the subjects and the risk of excessive caffeine intake with the diet of adolescents, stratified by gender. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 508 adolescents aged 16–18 years from southern Poland. Black tea, cola-based soft drinks and milk chocolate were the most frequently consumed products containing caffeine in the diet of the examined persons. The average caffeine intake was 95.54 mg/day (1.54 mg/kg b.w.). In 12.2% of the subjects the dose of 3 mg/kg b.w./day was exceeded, and in over 41.3% the dose causing sleep disorders was exceeded. The dose causing anxiety was also exceeded in 18.1% of the respondents, significantly more often in girls than boys (p = 0.0487). View Full-Text
Keywords: caffeine; caffeine intake; sources of caffeine; adolescents; risk assessment caffeine; caffeine intake; sources of caffeine; adolescents; risk assessment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Błaszczyk-Bębenek, E.; Jagielski, P.; Schlegel-Zawadzka, M. Caffeine Consumption in a Group of Adolescents from South East Poland—A Cross Sectional Study. Nutrients 2021, 13, 2084. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13062084

AMA Style

Błaszczyk-Bębenek E, Jagielski P, Schlegel-Zawadzka M. Caffeine Consumption in a Group of Adolescents from South East Poland—A Cross Sectional Study. Nutrients. 2021; 13(6):2084. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13062084

Chicago/Turabian Style

Błaszczyk-Bębenek, Ewa, Paweł Jagielski, and Małgorzata Schlegel-Zawadzka. 2021. "Caffeine Consumption in a Group of Adolescents from South East Poland—A Cross Sectional Study" Nutrients 13, no. 6: 2084. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13062084

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