Next Article in Journal
Nutrition and Kidney Stone Disease
Previous Article in Journal
Creatine for Exercise and Sports Performance, with Recovery Considerations for Healthy Populations
Article

The Speed of Ingestion of a Sugary Beverage Has an Effect on the Acute Metabolic Response to Fructose

1
Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Koc University School of Medicine, Istanbul 34010, Turkey
2
Department of Medicine, Koc University School of Medicine, Istanbul 34450, Turkey
3
Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Suleyman Demirel University School of Medicine, Isparta 32260, Turkey
4
Department of Biochemistry, Koc University School of Medicine, Istanbul 34010, Turkey
5
Department of Bioistastics, Koc University School of Medicine, Istanbul 34010, Turkey
6
Department of Nephrology, Grigore T. Popa’ University of Medicine, 700115 Iasi, Romania
7
Division of Renal Diseases and Hypertension, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
8
Department of Cardio-Renal Physiopathology, Instituto Nacional de Cardiología-Ignacio Chavez, Mexico City, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Emily Sonestedt and Rosa Casas
Nutrients 2021, 13(6), 1916; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13061916
Received: 9 March 2021 / Revised: 26 April 2021 / Accepted: 29 April 2021 / Published: 2 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Nutrition and Metabolism)
Background: The consumption of sweetened beverages is associated with increased risk of metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Objective: We hypothesized that the metabolic effects of fructose in sugary beverages might be modulated by the speed of ingestion in addition to the overall amount. Design: Thirty healthy subjects free of any disease and medication were recruited into two groups. After overnight fasting, subjects in group 1 drank 500 mL of apple juice over an hour by drinking 125 mL every 15 min, while subjects in group 2 drank 500 mL of apple juice over 5 min. Blood samples were collected at time zero and 15, 30, 60, and 120 min after ingestion to be analyzed for serum glucose, insulin, homeostatic model assessment (HOMA-IR) score, fibroblast growth factor 21, copeptin, osmolarity, sodium, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), lactate, uric acid, and phosphate levels. Results: Serum glucose, insulin, HOMA-IR, fibroblast growth factor 21, copeptin, osmolarity, sodium, BUN, and lactate levels increased following apple juice ingestion. The increases were greater in the fast-drinking group, which were more significant after 15 min and 30 min compared to baseline. The changes in uric acid were not statistically different between the groups. Phosphate levels significantly increased only in the fast-drinking group. Conclusion: Fast ingestion of 100% apple juice causes a significantly greater metabolic response, which may be associated with negative long-term outcomes. Our findings suggest that the rate of ingestion must be considered when evaluating the metabolic impacts of sweetened beverage consumption. View Full-Text
Keywords: sugary beverage; fibroblast growth factor 21; osmolarity; copeptin sugary beverage; fibroblast growth factor 21; osmolarity; copeptin
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Kanbay, M.; Guler, B.; Ertuglu, L.A.; Dagel, T.; Afsar, B.; Incir, S.; Baygul, A.; Covic, A.; Andres-Hernando, A.; Sánchez-Lozada, L.G.; Lanaspa, M.A.; Johnson, R.J. The Speed of Ingestion of a Sugary Beverage Has an Effect on the Acute Metabolic Response to Fructose. Nutrients 2021, 13, 1916. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13061916

AMA Style

Kanbay M, Guler B, Ertuglu LA, Dagel T, Afsar B, Incir S, Baygul A, Covic A, Andres-Hernando A, Sánchez-Lozada LG, Lanaspa MA, Johnson RJ. The Speed of Ingestion of a Sugary Beverage Has an Effect on the Acute Metabolic Response to Fructose. Nutrients. 2021; 13(6):1916. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13061916

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kanbay, Mehmet, Begum Guler, Lale A. Ertuglu, Tuncay Dagel, Baris Afsar, Said Incir, Arzu Baygul, Adrian Covic, Ana Andres-Hernando, Laura G. Sánchez-Lozada, Miguel A. Lanaspa, and Richard J. Johnson 2021. "The Speed of Ingestion of a Sugary Beverage Has an Effect on the Acute Metabolic Response to Fructose" Nutrients 13, no. 6: 1916. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13061916

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop