Next Article in Journal
Suboptimal Tongue Pressure Is Associated with Risk of Malnutrition in Community-Dwelling Older Individuals
Previous Article in Journal
Lifestyle and Treatment Adherence Intervention after a Coronary Event Based on an Interactive Web Application (EVITE): Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial Protocol
Article

Increased COVID-19 Lockdown Burden in Italian Adults with Gastrointestinal Diseases

1
Department of Medicine, Surgery, Dentistry, Scuola Medica Salernitana, University of Salerno, 84084 Fisciano, Italy
2
Gastroenterology Unit, Department of Surgery, Oncology and Gastroenterology, University of Padua, 35122 Padua, Italy
3
School of Medicine, University of Naples Federico II, 80138 Napoli, Italy
4
Department of Systems Medicine, University of Tor Vergata, 00133 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Eva Untersmayr
Nutrients 2021, 13(6), 1820; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13061820
Received: 31 March 2021 / Revised: 12 May 2021 / Accepted: 25 May 2021 / Published: 27 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Clinical Nutrition)
Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) causes not only severe illness but also detrimental effects associated with the lockdown measures. The present study aimed to evaluate reported lifestyle changes in a cohort of adults in Italy, including physical exercise, food choices, and psychological wellbeing, after two months of lockdown. Methods: A web survey on social media (Facebook and LinkedIn) of 32 multiple-choice questions aiming to evaluate the impact of the national COVID-19 lockdown in a sample of Italian adults. Results: We received 1378 complete responses (women 68.3%, mean age 39.5 ± 12.5 years). The percentage of participants reporting regular exercise decreased during lockdown (52 vs. 56.5%). The vast majority of people continued to consume the three traditional meals per day, but the consumption of meat, fish, and eggs significantly decreased. Women reported more frequent anxiety, sadness, fear, and feelings of insecurity than men. The factors predicting the worst outcome during the lockdown were being a woman, low education and income, gastrointestinal diseases. Conclusion: The lockdown has had a limited impact on food choices and physical exercise in Italian adults of our series, since most of them made an effort to improve their lifestyle. However, women with gastrointestinal diseases reported more frequent negative feelings and poor adaptation to the lockdown. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; lockdown; lifestyle; emotional balance; Italy; dietary habit COVID-19; lockdown; lifestyle; emotional balance; Italy; dietary habit
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Ruotolo, M.; Gagliardi, M.; Ciacci, C.; Zingone, F.; de Santis Ciacci, C.; Santonicola, A.; D'Arcangelo, G.; Siniscalchi, M. Increased COVID-19 Lockdown Burden in Italian Adults with Gastrointestinal Diseases. Nutrients 2021, 13, 1820. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13061820

AMA Style

Ruotolo M, Gagliardi M, Ciacci C, Zingone F, de Santis Ciacci C, Santonicola A, D'Arcangelo G, Siniscalchi M. Increased COVID-19 Lockdown Burden in Italian Adults with Gastrointestinal Diseases. Nutrients. 2021; 13(6):1820. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13061820

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ruotolo, Monica, Mario Gagliardi, Carolina Ciacci, Fabiana Zingone, Corina de Santis Ciacci, Antonella Santonicola, Giovanna D'Arcangelo, and Monica Siniscalchi. 2021. "Increased COVID-19 Lockdown Burden in Italian Adults with Gastrointestinal Diseases" Nutrients 13, no. 6: 1820. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13061820

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop