Next Article in Journal
Is the Mediterranean Diet the Best Approach to NAFLD Treatment Today?
Previous Article in Journal
Diets, Foods and Food Components’ Effect on Dyslipidemia
Review

Notable Developments for Vitamin D Amid the COVID-19 Pandemic, but Caution Warranted Overall: A Narrative Review

Institute for Translational Medicine and Therapeutics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104-5158, USA
Academic Editor: Carsten Carlberg
Nutrients 2021, 13(3), 740; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13030740
Received: 1 February 2021 / Revised: 22 February 2021 / Accepted: 23 February 2021 / Published: 26 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Nutritional Immunology)
The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a novel contagion that has infected over 113 million people worldwide. It is responsible for the coronavirus disease (COVID-19), which has cost the lives of 2.5 million people. Ergo, the global scientific community has been scrambling to repurpose or develop therapeutics to treat COVID-19. Dietary supplements and nutraceuticals are among those under consideration due to the link between nutritional status and patient outcomes. Overall, poor vitamin D status seems to be associated with an increased risk of COVID-19. Severely ill COVID-19 patients appear to be deficient or have suboptimal levels of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D, a measure of vitamin D status. Consequently, vitamin D is now the subject of several prophylactic and therapeutic clinical trials. In this review, the general status of nutraceuticals and dietary supplements amid the pandemic is appraised, with a particular focus on vitamin D. Consumers should be aware of misinformation and unsubstantiated promises for products marketed for COVID-19 protection. However, maintaining a healthy diet and lifestyle will likely maintain health including optimum immune function that may affect patient outcomes. Those who are deficient in key nutrients such as vitamin D should consider lifestyle changes and potentially supplementation in consultation with their physician and/or registered dieticians. View Full-Text
Keywords: SARS-CoV-2; vitamin D; inflammation; immunonutrition; dietary supplements; nutraceuticals; misinformation; regulation SARS-CoV-2; vitamin D; inflammation; immunonutrition; dietary supplements; nutraceuticals; misinformation; regulation
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Lordan, R. Notable Developments for Vitamin D Amid the COVID-19 Pandemic, but Caution Warranted Overall: A Narrative Review. Nutrients 2021, 13, 740. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13030740

AMA Style

Lordan R. Notable Developments for Vitamin D Amid the COVID-19 Pandemic, but Caution Warranted Overall: A Narrative Review. Nutrients. 2021; 13(3):740. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13030740

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lordan, Ronan. 2021. "Notable Developments for Vitamin D Amid the COVID-19 Pandemic, but Caution Warranted Overall: A Narrative Review" Nutrients 13, no. 3: 740. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13030740

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop