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Article

Traits of Orthorexia Nervosa and the Determinants of These Behaviors in Elite Athletes

1
Institute of Sport—National Research Institute, 01-982 Warsaw, Poland
2
Faculty of Physical Education and Health in Biała Podlaska, Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, 21-500 Biała Podlaska, Poland
3
Department of Human Nutrition, Institute of Human Nutrition Sciences, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, 02-787 Warsaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(9), 2683; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092683
Received: 31 July 2020 / Revised: 18 August 2020 / Accepted: 28 August 2020 / Published: 2 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Sports Nutrition)
Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the traits of orthorexia nervosa (ON) and its relation to body composition and anthropometric indices among elite athletes. Methods: We studied 273 (125 female, 148 male) competitive athletes. ON was assessed with the self-administered ORTO-15 questionnaire. Total body composition was determined using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Results: The ORTO-15 score was independent of sex, type of effort or age. The ORTO-15 score was related to: total body mass (TBM) (p = 0.037; R = 0.170), body mass index (BMI) (p = 0.022; R = 0.187), bone mineral content (BMC) (p = 0.035; R = 0.172), lean soft tissue (p = 0.026; R = 0.182) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) (p = 0.007; R = 0.255) in the male; BMI (p = 0.045; R = 0.412) and BMC (p = 0.012; R = 0.506) in weight-dependent male athletes. There was no relationship between ORTO-15 score and body composition in the total study group and subgroup of female athletes. In female athletes, ON tendencies were related to the weekly training time (p = 0.039), but in sprint and high-intensity intermittent efforts subgroup exclusively. Conclusions: Factors related to ON tendencies concerned exclusively BMI and body composition in male, and the weekly training time in female athletes. The results from this study demonstrate that a significant percentage of athletes, irrespective of sex, age, type of sport or hours of training per week, may manifest traits of orthorexia nervosa. View Full-Text
Keywords: athletes; ORTO-15; DXA—body composition; sex; type of sports athletes; ORTO-15; DXA—body composition; sex; type of sports
MDPI and ACS Style

Surała, O.; Malczewska-Lenczowska, J.; Sadowska, D.; Grabowska, I.; Białecka-Dębek, A. Traits of Orthorexia Nervosa and the Determinants of These Behaviors in Elite Athletes. Nutrients 2020, 12, 2683. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092683

AMA Style

Surała O, Malczewska-Lenczowska J, Sadowska D, Grabowska I, Białecka-Dębek A. Traits of Orthorexia Nervosa and the Determinants of These Behaviors in Elite Athletes. Nutrients. 2020; 12(9):2683. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092683

Chicago/Turabian Style

Surała, Olga, Jadwiga Malczewska-Lenczowska, Dorota Sadowska, Izabela Grabowska, and Agata Białecka-Dębek. 2020. "Traits of Orthorexia Nervosa and the Determinants of These Behaviors in Elite Athletes" Nutrients 12, no. 9: 2683. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092683

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