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Article

Vitamin B1 Intake in Multiple Sclerosis Patients and its Impact on Depression Presence: A Pilot Study

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Department of Nursing, Catholic University of Valencia San Vicente Martir, 46001 Valencia, Spain
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Doctoral Degree School, Catholic University of Valencia San Vicente Martir, 46001 Valencia, Spain
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Department of Physical Activity and Sports Sciences, Catholic University San Vicente Martir, 46900 Valencia, Spain
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Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Catholic University of Valencia San Vicente Mártir, 46001 Valencia, Spain
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Department of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Medicine, University of Almería, 04120 Almería, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(9), 2655; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092655
Received: 13 August 2020 / Revised: 25 August 2020 / Accepted: 27 August 2020 / Published: 31 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition, Lifestyle and Mood Disorders)
Vitamin B1, or thiamine, is one of the most relevant vitamins in obtaining energy for the nervous system. Thiamine deficiency or lack of activity causes neurological manifestations, especially symptoms of depression, intrinsic to multiple sclerosis (MS) and related to its pathogenesis. On this basis, the aim of this study was to determine the possible relationship between the nutritional habits of patients with MS and the presence of depression. Therefore, a cross-sectional and observational descriptive study was conducted. An analysis of dietary habits and vitamin B1 consumption in a Spanish population of 51 MS patients was performed by recording the frequency of food consumption. Results showed a vitamin B1 intake within the established range, mainly provided by the consumption of ultra-processed products such as cold meats or pastries, and a total carbohydrate consumption lower than recommended, which stands out for its high content of simple carbohydrates deriving from processed foods such as dairy desserts, juice, snacks, pastries, chocolate bars, soft drinks and fermented alcohol. In addition, a significant negative correlation between depression and the intake of thiamine and total carbohydrates was observed. These findings could explain the influence of MS patients’ eating habits, and consequently vitamin B1 activity, on depression levels. View Full-Text
Keywords: depression; multiple sclerosis; vitamin B1 depression; multiple sclerosis; vitamin B1
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ortí, J.E.d.l.R.; Cuerda-Ballester, M.; Drehmer, E.; Carrera-Juliá, S.; Motos-Muñoz, M.; Cunha-Pérez, C.; Benlloch, M.; López-Rodríguez, M.M. Vitamin B1 Intake in Multiple Sclerosis Patients and its Impact on Depression Presence: A Pilot Study. Nutrients 2020, 12, 2655. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092655

AMA Style

Ortí JEdlR, Cuerda-Ballester M, Drehmer E, Carrera-Juliá S, Motos-Muñoz M, Cunha-Pérez C, Benlloch M, López-Rodríguez MM. Vitamin B1 Intake in Multiple Sclerosis Patients and its Impact on Depression Presence: A Pilot Study. Nutrients. 2020; 12(9):2655. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092655

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ortí, Jose E.d.l.R., María Cuerda-Ballester, Eraci Drehmer, Sandra Carrera-Juliá, María Motos-Muñoz, Cristina Cunha-Pérez, María Benlloch, and María M. López-Rodríguez. 2020. "Vitamin B1 Intake in Multiple Sclerosis Patients and its Impact on Depression Presence: A Pilot Study" Nutrients 12, no. 9: 2655. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092655

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