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Article

Changes in Weight and Nutritional Habits in Adults with Obesity during the “Lockdown” Period Caused by the COVID-19 Virus Emergency

1
Department of Medical Sciences, University of Torino, c.so AM Dogliotti 14, 10126 Torino, Italy
2
Department of Psychology, University of Torino, c.so AM Dogliotti 14, 10126 Torino, Italy
3
Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases Clinic, “Città della Salute e della Scienza” Hospital of Torino, 10126 Torino, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(7), 2016; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12072016
Received: 25 May 2020 / Revised: 25 June 2020 / Accepted: 3 July 2020 / Published: 7 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Nutrition and Public Health)
Our aim is evaluating the changes in weight and dietary habits in a sample of outpatients with obesity after 1 month of enforced lockdown during the COVID-19 pandemic in Northern Italy. In this observational retrospective study, the patients of our Obesity Unit were invited to answer to a 12-question multiple-choice questionnaire relative to weight changes, working activity, exercise, dietary habits, and conditions potentially impacting on nutritional choices. A multivariate regression analysis was performed to evaluate the associations among weight/BMI changes and the analyzed variables. A total of 150 subjects (91.5%) completed the questionnaire. Mean self-reported weight gain was ≈1.5 kg (p < 0.001). Lower exercise, self-reported boredom/solitude, anxiety/depression, enhanced eating, consumption of snacks, unhealthy foods, cereals, and sweets were correlated with a significantly higher weight gain. Multiple regression analyses showed that increased education (inversely, β = −1.15; 95%CI −2.13, −0.17, p = 0.022), self-reported anxiety/depression (β = 1.61; 0.53, 2.69, p = 0.004), and not consuming healthy foods (β = 1.48; 0.19, 2.77, p = 0.026) were significantly associated with increased weight gain. The estimated direct effect of self-reported anxiety/depression on weight was 2.07 kg (1.07, 3.07, p < 0.001). Individuals with obesity significantly gained weight 1 month after the beginning of the quarantine. The adverse mental burden linked to the COVID-19 pandemic was greatly associated with increased weight gain. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19 infection; dietary habits; lockdown; obesity COVID-19 infection; dietary habits; lockdown; obesity
MDPI and ACS Style

Pellegrini, M.; Ponzo, V.; Rosato, R.; Scumaci, E.; Goitre, I.; Benso, A.; Belcastro, S.; Crespi, C.; De Michieli, F.; Ghigo, E.; Broglio, F.; Bo, S. Changes in Weight and Nutritional Habits in Adults with Obesity during the “Lockdown” Period Caused by the COVID-19 Virus Emergency. Nutrients 2020, 12, 2016. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12072016

AMA Style

Pellegrini M, Ponzo V, Rosato R, Scumaci E, Goitre I, Benso A, Belcastro S, Crespi C, De Michieli F, Ghigo E, Broglio F, Bo S. Changes in Weight and Nutritional Habits in Adults with Obesity during the “Lockdown” Period Caused by the COVID-19 Virus Emergency. Nutrients. 2020; 12(7):2016. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12072016

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pellegrini, Marianna, Valentina Ponzo, Rosalba Rosato, Elena Scumaci, Ilaria Goitre, Andrea Benso, Sara Belcastro, Chiara Crespi, Franco De Michieli, Ezio Ghigo, Fabio Broglio, and Simona Bo. 2020. "Changes in Weight and Nutritional Habits in Adults with Obesity during the “Lockdown” Period Caused by the COVID-19 Virus Emergency" Nutrients 12, no. 7: 2016. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12072016

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