Next Article in Journal
Unique Genetic and Histological Signatures of Mouse Pericardial Adipose Tissue
Next Article in Special Issue
Design and Validation of a Diet Rich in Slowly Digestible Starch for Type 2 Diabetic Patients for Significant Improvement in Glycemic Profile
Previous Article in Journal
Development of the Home Cooking EnviRonment and Equipment Inventory Observation form (Home-CookERITM): An Assessment of Content Validity, Face Validity, and Inter-Rater Agreement
Previous Article in Special Issue
Citrus aurantium L. Dry Extracts Ameliorate Adipocyte Differentiation of 3T3-L1 Cells Exposed to TNFα by Down-Regulating miR-155 Expression
Article

The Effects of a Low Calorie Ketogenic Diet on Glycaemic Control Variables in Hyperinsulinemic Overweight/Obese Females

1
Department of Sport Nutrition, Academy of Physical Education in Katowice, 72a Mikołowska Street, 40-065 Katowice, Poland
2
Lenacor Diet Clinic, Świętojańska 2a Street, 41-400 Mysłowice, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(6), 1854; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061854
Received: 11 May 2020 / Revised: 12 June 2020 / Accepted: 17 June 2020 / Published: 22 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carbohydrates, Metabolism and Therapies in Diabetes)
Diet is a factor which can influence both glycaemic variables and body mass. The aim of this study was to compare the influence of a 12-week, well-planned, low-calorie ketogenic diet (LCKD) on hyperglycaemic, hyperinsulinemic and lipid profile in adult, overweight or obese females. Ninety-one females who participated in the study were divided into two groups: a LCKD group who followed a hypocaloric ketogenic diet (8% of carbohydrate, 72% of fat and 20% of proteins) (n = 46), and a control group (CG) (n = 45) who continued their typical diet (50% of carbohydrates, 32% of fat and 18% of proteins). Methods: Baseline and post-intervention glucose (Gl), insulin (I), glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), Homeostatic model assessment HOMA-IR, triglycerides (TG) and high-density cholesterol (HDL-C) were evaluated. Also, body mass (BM), waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC) and thigh circumference (TC) were measured. Results: Compared with the CG, there were significant changes observed in the LCKD group regarding all biochemical variables. Also, BM, TC, WC and AC changed significantly in the LCKD group compared with the CG. Conclusions: The 12-week LCKD intervention changed the glucose control variables, body mass, as well as waist, hip and thigh circumferences. A low-calorie ketogenic diet may be recommended for adult females with glucose control variables disturbance and excess body mass. View Full-Text
Keywords: low-calorie ketogenic diet (LCKD), adult; hyperglycaemia; hyperinsulinemia; IR; HDL-C low-calorie ketogenic diet (LCKD), adult; hyperglycaemia; hyperinsulinemia; IR; HDL-C
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Michalczyk, M.M.; Klonek, G.; Maszczyk, A.; Zajac, A. The Effects of a Low Calorie Ketogenic Diet on Glycaemic Control Variables in Hyperinsulinemic Overweight/Obese Females. Nutrients 2020, 12, 1854. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061854

AMA Style

Michalczyk MM, Klonek G, Maszczyk A, Zajac A. The Effects of a Low Calorie Ketogenic Diet on Glycaemic Control Variables in Hyperinsulinemic Overweight/Obese Females. Nutrients. 2020; 12(6):1854. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061854

Chicago/Turabian Style

Michalczyk, Małgorzata M., Grzegorz Klonek, Adam Maszczyk, and Adam Zajac. 2020. "The Effects of a Low Calorie Ketogenic Diet on Glycaemic Control Variables in Hyperinsulinemic Overweight/Obese Females" Nutrients 12, no. 6: 1854. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061854

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop