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Open AccessArticle

Black Sorghum Phenolic Extract Modulates Platelet Activation and Platelet Microparticle Release

1
School of Biomedical Sciences, Charles Sturt University, Locked Bag 588, Wagga Wagga, NSW 2678, Australia
2
Australian Research Council (ARC) Industrial Transformation Training Centre (ITTC) for Functional Grains, Graham Centre for Agricultural Innovation, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga, NSW 2650, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(6), 1760; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061760
Received: 20 May 2020 / Revised: 7 June 2020 / Accepted: 10 June 2020 / Published: 12 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Polyphenols and Human Health)
Platelet hyper-activation and platelet microparticles (PMPs) play a key role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases. Dietary polyphenols are believed to mimic antiplatelet agents by blunting platelet activation receptors via its antioxidant phenomenon. However, there is limited information on the anti-platelet activity of grain-derived polyphenols. The aim of the study is to evaluate the effects of sorghum extract (Shawaya short black 1 variety), an extract previously characterised for its high antioxidant activity and reduction of oxidative stress-related endothelial dysfunction, on platelet aggregation, platelet activation and PMP release. Whole blood samples collected from 18 healthy volunteers were treated with varying non-cytotoxic concentrations of polyphenol-rich black sorghum extract (BSE). Platelet aggregation study utilised 5 µg/mL collagen to target the GPVI pathway of thrombus formation whereas adenine phosphate (ADP) was used to stimulate the P2Y1/P2Y12 pathway of platelet activation assessed by flow cytometry. Procaspase-activating compound 1 (PAC-1) and P-selectin/CD62P were used to evaluate platelet activation- related conformational changes and degranulation respectively. PMPs were isolated from unstimulated platelets and quantified by size distribution and binding to CD42b. BSE treatment significantly reduced both collagen-induced platelet aggregation and circulatory PMP release at 40 µg/mL (p < 0.001) when compared to control. However, there was no significant impact of BSE on ADP-induced activation-dependent conformational change and degranulation of platelets. Results of this study suggest that phenolic rich BSE may confer cardio-protection by modulating specific signalling pathways involved in platelet activation and PMP release. View Full-Text
Keywords: black sorghum; polyphenols; platelets; platelet microparticles; atherosclerosis black sorghum; polyphenols; platelets; platelet microparticles; atherosclerosis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ed Nignpense, B.; Chinkwo, K.A; Blanchard, C.L; Santhakumar, A.B. Black Sorghum Phenolic Extract Modulates Platelet Activation and Platelet Microparticle Release. Nutrients 2020, 12, 1760. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061760

AMA Style

Ed Nignpense B, Chinkwo KA, Blanchard CL, Santhakumar AB. Black Sorghum Phenolic Extract Modulates Platelet Activation and Platelet Microparticle Release. Nutrients. 2020; 12(6):1760. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061760

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ed Nignpense, Borkwei; Chinkwo, Kenneth A; Blanchard, Christopher L; Santhakumar, Abishek B 2020. "Black Sorghum Phenolic Extract Modulates Platelet Activation and Platelet Microparticle Release" Nutrients 12, no. 6: 1760. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061760

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