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Open AccessArticle

Intake of Non-Nutritive Sweeteners in Chilean Children after Enforcement of a New Food Labeling Law that Regulates Added Sugar Content in Processed Foods

1
Center for Molecular Nutrition and Chronic Diseases, School of Medicine, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Av. Libertador Bernardo O’Higgins, Región Metropolitana, 340 Santiago, Chile
2
Hanzehogeschool Groningen, University of Applied Sciences, 9747 AS Groningen, The Netherlands
3
Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Av. Libertador Bernardo O’Higgins 340, Santiago, Región Metropolitana, Chile
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Department of Nutrition, Diabetes and Metabolism, School of Medicine, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Av. Libertador Bernardo O’Higgins 340, Santiago, Región Metropolitana, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(6), 1594; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061594
Received: 22 April 2020 / Revised: 19 May 2020 / Accepted: 23 May 2020 / Published: 29 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Nutritional Epidemiology)
After enforcement of a new food labeling law in 2016, Chile exhibits a greater offer to reduced sugar products with addition of non-nutritive sweeteners (NNS). Many of these products are consumed by children, who are at greater risk of reaching the acceptable daily intake (ADI) of these food additives. The objective of this study was to evaluate the intake levels of NNS in Chilean schoolchildren after the enactment of the aforementioned law. A total of 250 Chilean children 6–12 years old were surveyed. NNS intake was assessed through a food frequency questionnaire. All children evaluated consumed at least one NNS during the previous month. Sucralose had the highest consumption frequency reaching 99.2%, followed by acesulfame-K (92.8%), stevia (86.0%), and aspartame (85.2%). Aspartame showed the highest median intake, which came mainly from beverages (96%). No children exceeded the ADI of any NNS. Smaller children exhibited a higher body weight-adjusted intake of sucralose, acesulfame-K, stevia, and aspartame (p < 0.05). In Chile, a wide range of processed foods with NNSs is available and all schoolchildren evaluated consumed at least one product containing NNS. However, this consumption does not exceed defined ADIs for any of the six sweeteners authorized for food use in Chile. View Full-Text
Keywords: non-nutritive sweeteners; intake; schoolchildren; Chile non-nutritive sweeteners; intake; schoolchildren; Chile
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Martínez, X.; Zapata, Y.; Pinto, V.; Cornejo, C.; Elbers, M.; van der Graaf, M.; Villarroel, L.; Hodgson, M.I.; Rigotti, A.; Echeverría, G. Intake of Non-Nutritive Sweeteners in Chilean Children after Enforcement of a New Food Labeling Law that Regulates Added Sugar Content in Processed Foods. Nutrients 2020, 12, 1594.

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