Next Article in Journal
Changes in Bone Marrow Fat upon Dietary-Induced Weight Loss
Previous Article in Journal
Nutritional Quality of Food and Beverages Offered in Supermarkets of Lima According to the Peruvian Law of Healthy Eating
Open AccessArticle

Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) Score and Its Association with Sleep Quality in a National Survey of Middle-Aged and Older Men and Women

School of Public Administration and Policy, Renmin University, Beijing 100872, China
Department of Research Programs, Fort Belvoir Community Hospital, Fort Belvoir, VA 22060, USA
Health Disparities Research Section, Laboratory of Epidemiology and Population Sciences, National Institute on Aging, NIA/NIH/IRP, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
Department of Behavioral Health and Nutrition, 206C McDowell Hall, Newark, DE 19716, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Co-senior authors.
Nutrients 2020, 12(5), 1510;
Received: 17 April 2020 / Revised: 11 May 2020 / Accepted: 19 May 2020 / Published: 22 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Nutritional Epidemiology)
Complex processes appear to link sleep duration and quality with dietary patterns. Numerous studies show healthful benefits of the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet, but few have examined its association with sleep duration or quality. The current study tested cross-sectional associations of DASH diet quality score with sleep quality among adults. Analyses of participants were from the 2005–2008 wave of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (n = 3941 adults ≥30 years of age, complete data). We performed sex- and age group-stratified multiple OLS regression analyses with DASH total score and components as main predictors and sleep quality as main outcomes, adjusting sequentially for socio-demographic, behavioral and health-related factors. Sex and age differences in associations of DASH with sleep quality, adjusting for covariates, were also examined by incorporating two-way interaction terms between sex/age and the DASH score in each unstratified model. We found that the DASH diet score was inversely related to poor sleep-related daytime dysfunction adjusted by age, sex, demographic and socio-economic factors. Some sex-specific associations were detected between DASH diet component scores and sleep quality. Notably, the potassium DASH component was inversely associated with Factor 1 (“sleepiness and sleep disturbance”) among women. The fiber DASH component was associated with better sleep quality and inversely related to Factor 2 (“sleep-related daytime dysfunction”) in younger subjects. This study indicates health benefits of the DASH diet for sleep duration and quality. Future longitudinal studies and randomized placebo-controlled trials are required to ascertain protective effects. View Full-Text
Keywords: the DASH diet; sleep quality; adults; national surveys the DASH diet; sleep quality; adults; national surveys
MDPI and ACS Style

Liang, H.; Beydoun, H.A.; Hossain, S.; Maldonado, A.; Zonderman, A.B.; Fanelli-Kuczmarski, M.T.; Beydoun, M.A. Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) Score and Its Association with Sleep Quality in a National Survey of Middle-Aged and Older Men and Women. Nutrients 2020, 12, 1510.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Search more from Scilit
Back to TopTop