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Open AccessArticle

Association between Food Preferences, Eating Behaviors and Socio-Demographic Factors, Physical Activity among Children and Adolescents: A Cross-Sectional Study

by Chao Qiu 1 and Min Hou 2,*
1
College of Humanities, Jiangnan University, 1800 Lihu Road, Wuxi 214122, China
2
School of Public Health, College of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 227 Chongqing South Road, Shanghai 200025, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(3), 640; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12030640
Received: 29 January 2020 / Revised: 24 February 2020 / Accepted: 25 February 2020 / Published: 28 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Nutrition and Public Health)
The prevalence of overweight and obesity is a serious health issue among children and adolescents worldwide. This study aimed to investigate factors influencing weight status-associated food preferences and eating behaviors. A cross-sectional study was conducted to collect data from 2578 pairs of Chinese children and parents in five cities from December 2018 to March 2019. There was an increase in consumptions of processed seafood, nuts and dried fruit/vegetables, and fruit/vegetable juice, but a reduction of consuming puffed and processed meat products, sugar/artificially sweetened beverages and milk tea, and picky eating. These food preferences differentiate between sexes. Picky eating behavior was greatly presented in children of lower educated mothers or heavy-smoking fathers. Children of the lower educated fathers consumed less processed seafood and dairy products, and those of the heavy-smoking fathers consumed more puffed products, but less fruit/vegetable juice, and had greater snack preference. The father’s body mass index(BMI)status was also positively associated with unhealthy behaviors. Those who exercised daily longer showed better eating behaviors, and picky eating and fast-food lovers likely occurred in higher-income families. Our study provides an insight into that fathers being educated for health-conscious advice and physical activity may be the potential strategies to foster their children’s healthy eating patterns. Their efficacy needs to be further investigated. View Full-Text
Keywords: adolescents; children; eating behavior; food preference; picky eating adolescents; children; eating behavior; food preference; picky eating
MDPI and ACS Style

Qiu, C.; Hou, M. Association between Food Preferences, Eating Behaviors and Socio-Demographic Factors, Physical Activity among Children and Adolescents: A Cross-Sectional Study. Nutrients 2020, 12, 640.

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