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Pathological Preoccupation with Healthy Eating (Orthorexia Nervosa) in a Spanish Sample with Vegetarian, Vegan, and Non-Vegetarian Dietary Patterns

1
Department of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Nursing of Ciudad Real, Universidad de Castilla-La-Mancha, 13001 Ciudad Real, Spain
2
Department of Nursing, University of Huelva, 21004 Huelva, Spain
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Department of Psychology, University Rey Juan Carlos, Alcorcón, 28933 Móstoles, Madrid, Spain
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Institute of Psychology, University of Wroclaw, 50-137 Wroclaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(12), 3907; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123907
Received: 29 October 2020 / Revised: 17 December 2020 / Accepted: 18 December 2020 / Published: 21 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Nutrition and Public Health)
Orthorexia nervosa (ON) has been defined as an obsessive and pathological attitude towards healthy nutrition. The aim of this study was to compare individuals who followed a vegan, vegetarian, and omnivore diet in terms of ON behaviors and to examine their prime motivations, attitudes, and behaviors towards food. The Spanish version of the ORTO-15 test — ORTO-11-ES — and the Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ-SP) were used with a demographic questionnaire in an online survey disseminated among the social networks of different vegetarian associations and the general population. Of 466 individuals, 55% followed an omnivore diet, 23.5% were vegetarian and 21.7% were vegan. Results revealed relationships between type of diet and FCQ-SP dimensions for: health and natural content (H = 8.7, p < 0.05), sensory appeal (H = 11.4, p < 0.01), weight control (H = 40.4, p < 0.01), and familiarity (H = 37.3, p < 0.01). Our results confirm the findings of recent studies showing that individuals who follow a vegan or vegetarian diet are more likely to develop a pathological preoccupation with healthy eating versus omnivores. Further studies are required to determine the potential lines of action for the prevention of ON. View Full-Text
Keywords: orthorexia nervosa; vegetarians; vegans; ORTO-11-ES; FCQ-SP orthorexia nervosa; vegetarians; vegans; ORTO-11-ES; FCQ-SP
MDPI and ACS Style

Parra-Fernández, M.L.; Manzaneque-Cañadillas, M.; Onieva-Zafra, M.D.; Fernández-Martínez, E.; Fernández-Muñoz, J.J.; Prado-Laguna, M.d.C.; Brytek-Matera, A. Pathological Preoccupation with Healthy Eating (Orthorexia Nervosa) in a Spanish Sample with Vegetarian, Vegan, and Non-Vegetarian Dietary Patterns. Nutrients 2020, 12, 3907. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123907

AMA Style

Parra-Fernández ML, Manzaneque-Cañadillas M, Onieva-Zafra MD, Fernández-Martínez E, Fernández-Muñoz JJ, Prado-Laguna MdC, Brytek-Matera A. Pathological Preoccupation with Healthy Eating (Orthorexia Nervosa) in a Spanish Sample with Vegetarian, Vegan, and Non-Vegetarian Dietary Patterns. Nutrients. 2020; 12(12):3907. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123907

Chicago/Turabian Style

Parra-Fernández, María L., Maria Manzaneque-Cañadillas, María D. Onieva-Zafra, Elia Fernández-Martínez, Juan J. Fernández-Muñoz, María d.C. Prado-Laguna, and Anna Brytek-Matera. 2020. "Pathological Preoccupation with Healthy Eating (Orthorexia Nervosa) in a Spanish Sample with Vegetarian, Vegan, and Non-Vegetarian Dietary Patterns" Nutrients 12, no. 12: 3907. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123907

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