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Open AccessArticle

Mediterranean Diet Adherence and Subjective Well-Being in a Sample of Portuguese Adults

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Polytechnic Institute of Santarém, School of Agriculture, 2001-904 Santarém, Portugal
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Life Quality Research Centre (CIEQV), IPSantarém/IPLeiria, 2040-413 Rio Maior, Portugal
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Centro de Investigação Interdisciplinar Egas Moniz (CiiEM), Instituto Universitário Egas Moniz, 2829-511 Monte de Caparica, Portugal
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Research Group on Quality, Safety and Bioactivity of Plant Foods, Campus de Espinardo, Centro de Edafologia y Biologia Aplicada del Segura-Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CEBAS-CSIC), P.O. Box 164, 30100 Murcia, Spain
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Department of Life and Health Sciences, School of Sciences and Engineering, University of Nicosia, Nicosia 1700, Cyprus
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Department of Nutritional Sciences, King’s College London, London SE1 9NH, UK
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National Research Council (CNR), Institute of Clinical Physiology, 73100 Lecce, Italy
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Slow Food in Bulgaria, 9 Pierre De Geytre St. bl. 3, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Forestry, 1797 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Department of Plant and Fungal Diversity and Resources, Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Faculty of Medical Sciences, University Goce Delcev, str. Krste Misirkov, No. 10-A, POB 201, 2000 Stip, Republic of North Macedonia
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Laboratory of Hygiene and Environmental Protection, School of Medicine, Democritus University of Thrace, 68100 Dragana, Alexandroupolis, Greece
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Research Unit of Polytechnic Institute of Santarém, 2001-904 Santarém, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(12), 3837; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123837
Received: 13 November 2020 / Revised: 4 December 2020 / Accepted: 7 December 2020 / Published: 16 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Nutrition and Public Health)
The Mediterranean diet (MD) and other lifestyle characteristics have been associated with well-being, a broad multiparameter concept that includes individual’s subjective assessment of their own well-being (SWB). Some studies have suggested that diet influences SWB, thus, this work aimed to add novel information on the association of MD and SWB in a sample of Portuguese adults. Data on sociodemographic, economic, lifestyle, diet, and SWB were collected through a self-filled online questionnaire. MD adherence was assessed by the Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener (MEDAS) score. Results showed a moderate adherence to the MD in 490 Portuguese adults (mean MEDAS of 7.4 ± 2.1). A higher MD adherence was found to be significantly positively associated with women, employed individuals, a higher number of meals per day, and those with frequent contact with nature (p-value < 0.0025, using Bonferroni adjustment). As a novelty, this study divided the participants into low SWB, medium SWB, and medium to high SWB profiles (3.9 ± 1.0; 6.2 ± 1.0; 8.2 ± 1.3, respectively; p-value < 0.05), which reported significantly increasing MEDAS scores (6.5 ± 2.1; 7.3 ± 2.1; 7.8 ± 1.9; respectively, p-value < 0.05). View Full-Text
Keywords: Mediterranean diet; MEDAS score; subjective well-being; life satisfaction; Portuguese adults Mediterranean diet; MEDAS score; subjective well-being; life satisfaction; Portuguese adults
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MDPI and ACS Style

Andrade, V.; Jorge, R.; García-Conesa, M.-T.; Philippou, E.; Massaro, M.; Chervenkov, M.; Ivanova, T.; Maksimova, V.; Smilkov, K.; Ackova, D.G.; Miloseva, L.; Ruskovska, T.; Deligiannidou, G.E.; Kontogiorgis, C.A.; Pinto, P. Mediterranean Diet Adherence and Subjective Well-Being in a Sample of Portuguese Adults. Nutrients 2020, 12, 3837. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123837

AMA Style

Andrade V, Jorge R, García-Conesa M-T, Philippou E, Massaro M, Chervenkov M, Ivanova T, Maksimova V, Smilkov K, Ackova DG, Miloseva L, Ruskovska T, Deligiannidou GE, Kontogiorgis CA, Pinto P. Mediterranean Diet Adherence and Subjective Well-Being in a Sample of Portuguese Adults. Nutrients. 2020; 12(12):3837. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123837

Chicago/Turabian Style

Andrade, Vanda; Jorge, Rui; García-Conesa, María-Teresa; Philippou, Elena; Massaro, Marika; Chervenkov, Mihail; Ivanova, Teodora; Maksimova, Viktorija; Smilkov, Katarina; Ackova, Darinka G.; Miloseva, Lence; Ruskovska, Tatjana; Deligiannidou, Georgia E.; Kontogiorgis, Christos A.; Pinto, Paula. 2020. "Mediterranean Diet Adherence and Subjective Well-Being in a Sample of Portuguese Adults" Nutrients 12, no. 12: 3837. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123837

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