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Article

Siraitia grosvenorii Residual Extract Attenuates Atopic Dermatitis by Regulating Immune Dysfunction and Skin Barrier Abnormality

1
Herbal Medicine Research Division, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, 1672 Yuseongdae-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34054, Korea
2
Institute of Traditional Medicine and Bioscience, Daejeon University, 62 Daehak-ro, Dong-gu, Daejeon 34520, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(12), 3638; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123638
Received: 3 November 2020 / Revised: 23 November 2020 / Accepted: 23 November 2020 / Published: 26 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Nutritional Immunology)
Atopic dermatitis is a persistent inflammatory skin disorder. Siraitia grosvenorii fruits (monk fruit or nahangwa in Korean, NHG) are used as a natural sweetener and as a traditional medicine for the treatment of asthma and bronchitis. We evaluated the activity of S. grosvenorii residual extract (NHGR) on allergic inflammation of atopic dermatitis in a Dermatophagoides farinae mite antigen extract (DfE)-treated NC/Nga murine model and in vitro. Oral administration of NHGR significantly reduced epidermal hyperplasia and inflammatory cell infiltration in the skin lesions of DfE-induced atopic dermatitis, as well as the dermatitis severity score. NHGR reduced serum immunoglobulin E levels. Splenic concentrations of IFN-γ, interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, and IL-13 were reduced by NHGR administration. Immunohistofluorescence staining showed that NHGR administration increased the protein levels of claudin-1, SIRT1, and filaggrin in atopic dermatitis skin lesions. In addition, NHGR inhibited the phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinases and decreased filaggrin and chemokine protein expression in TNF-α/IFN-γ-induced human keratinocytes. Moreover, NHGR also inhibited histamine in mast cells. The quantitative analysis of NHGR revealed the presence of grosvenorine, kaempferitrin, and mogrosides. These results demonstrate that NHGR may be an efficient therapeutic agent for the treatment of atopic dermatitis. View Full-Text
Keywords: allergic inflammation; filaggrin; keratinocytes; nahangwa; skin barrier allergic inflammation; filaggrin; keratinocytes; nahangwa; skin barrier
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sung, Y.-Y.; Yuk, H.-J.; Yang, W.-K.; Kim, S.-H.; Kim, D.-S. Siraitia grosvenorii Residual Extract Attenuates Atopic Dermatitis by Regulating Immune Dysfunction and Skin Barrier Abnormality. Nutrients 2020, 12, 3638. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123638

AMA Style

Sung Y-Y, Yuk H-J, Yang W-K, Kim S-H, Kim D-S. Siraitia grosvenorii Residual Extract Attenuates Atopic Dermatitis by Regulating Immune Dysfunction and Skin Barrier Abnormality. Nutrients. 2020; 12(12):3638. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123638

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sung, Yoon-Young, Heung-Joo Yuk, Won-Kyung Yang, Seung-Hyung Kim, and Dong-Seon Kim. 2020. "Siraitia grosvenorii Residual Extract Attenuates Atopic Dermatitis by Regulating Immune Dysfunction and Skin Barrier Abnormality" Nutrients 12, no. 12: 3638. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123638

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