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Open AccessArticle

Effects of the Daily Consumption of Stevia on Glucose Homeostasis, Body Weight, and Energy Intake: A Randomised Open-Label 12-Week Trial in Healthy Adults

1
Division of Diabetes, Endocrinology & Gastroenterology, School of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, Manchester Academic Health Sciences Centre, The University of Manchester, Oxford Rd, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
2
Department of Gastroenterology, Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust, Stott Lane, Salford M6 8HD, UK
3
Department of Gastroenterology, Manchester Foundation Trust, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9WL, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(10), 3049; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12103049
Received: 3 September 2020 / Revised: 29 September 2020 / Accepted: 2 October 2020 / Published: 6 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Nutrition and Metabolism)
Stevia is a non-nutritive sweetener, providing sweet taste with no calories. This randomised, controlled, open-label 2-parallel arm trial examined the effects of daily stevia consumption on glycaemia in healthy adults. Secondary endpoints included body weight (BW) and energy intake (EI). Healthy participants (n = 28; aged 25 ± 5y, body mass index 21.2 ± 1.7 kg/m2) were randomised into either the stevia group (n = 14)—required to consume a stevia extract daily—or to the control group (n = 14). At weeks 0 and 12, the glucose and insulin responses to an oral glucose tolerance test were measured; BW and EI were assessed at weeks 0, 6, and 12. There was no significant difference in the glucose or insulin responses. There was a significant main effect of group on BW change (F(1,26) = 5.56, p = 0.026), as the stevia group maintained their weight as opposed to the control group (mean weight change at week 12: −0.22 kg, 95%CI [−0.96, 0.51] stevia group, +0.89 kg, 95%CI [0.16, 1.63] control group). The energy intake was significantly decreased between week 0 and 12 in the stevia group (p = 0.003), however no change was found in the control group (p = 0.973). Although not placebo-controlled, these results suggest that daily stevia consumption does not affect glycaemia in healthy individuals, but could aid in weight maintenance and the moderation of EI. View Full-Text
Keywords: stevia; non-nutritive sweeteners; glycaemia; body weight; energy intake stevia; non-nutritive sweeteners; glycaemia; body weight; energy intake
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MDPI and ACS Style

Stamataki, N.S.; Crooks, B.; Ahmed, A.; McLaughlin, J.T. Effects of the Daily Consumption of Stevia on Glucose Homeostasis, Body Weight, and Energy Intake: A Randomised Open-Label 12-Week Trial in Healthy Adults. Nutrients 2020, 12, 3049.

AMA Style

Stamataki NS, Crooks B, Ahmed A, McLaughlin JT. Effects of the Daily Consumption of Stevia on Glucose Homeostasis, Body Weight, and Energy Intake: A Randomised Open-Label 12-Week Trial in Healthy Adults. Nutrients. 2020; 12(10):3049.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Stamataki, Nikoleta S.; Crooks, Benjamin; Ahmed, Abubaker; McLaughlin, John T. 2020. "Effects of the Daily Consumption of Stevia on Glucose Homeostasis, Body Weight, and Energy Intake: A Randomised Open-Label 12-Week Trial in Healthy Adults" Nutrients 12, no. 10: 3049.

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