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Isoflavone Aglycones Attenuate Cigarette Smoke-Induced Emphysema via Suppression of Neutrophilic Inflammation in a COPD Murine Model

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka City University, Osaka 545-8585, Japan
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Nutrients 2019, 11(9), 2023; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11092023
Received: 14 June 2019 / Revised: 2 August 2019 / Accepted: 5 August 2019 / Published: 29 August 2019
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a lung disease caused by chronic exposure to cigarette smoke, increases the number of inflammatory cells such as macrophages and neutrophils and emphysema. Isoflavone is a polyphenolic compound that exists in soybeans. Daidzein and genistein, two types of isoflavones, have been reported to have anti-inflammatory effects in various organs. We hypothesized that the daidzein-rich soy isoflavone aglycones (DRIAs) attenuate cigarette smoke-induced emphysema in mice. Mice were divided into four groups: the (i) control group, (ii) isoflavone group, (iii) smoking group, and (iv) isoflavone + smoking group. The number of inflammatory cells in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and the airspace enlargement using the mean linear intercept (MLI) were determined 12 weeks after smoking exposure. Expressions of neutrophilic inflammatory cytokines and chemokines were also examined. In the isoflavone + smoking group, the number of neutrophils in BALF and MLI was significantly less than that in the smoking group. Furthermore, the gene-expressions of TNF-α and CXCL2 (MIP-2) in the isoflavone + smoking group were significantly less than those in the smoking group. Supplementation of the COPD murine model with DRIAs significantly attenuates pathological changes of COPD via suppression of neutrophilic inflammation. View Full-Text
Keywords: daidzein-rich soy isoflavone aglycones (DRIAs); COPD; neutrophilic inflammation; TNF-α; C-X-C motif ligand 2 (CXCL2) daidzein-rich soy isoflavone aglycones (DRIAs); COPD; neutrophilic inflammation; TNF-α; C-X-C motif ligand 2 (CXCL2)
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Kojima, K.; Asai, K.; Kubo, H.; Sugitani, A.; Kyomoto, Y.; Okamoto, A.; Yamada, K.; Ijiri, N.; Watanabe, T.; Hirata, K.; Kawaguchi, T. Isoflavone Aglycones Attenuate Cigarette Smoke-Induced Emphysema via Suppression of Neutrophilic Inflammation in a COPD Murine Model. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2023.

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