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Acute Effects of Hesperidin in Oxidant/Antioxidant State Markers and Performance in Amateur Cyclists

1
Research Center for High Performance Sport, Catholic University of Murcia, 30107 Murcia, Spain
2
Faculty of Sport, Catholic University of Murcia, 30107 Murcia, Spain
3
Faculty of Sport, Research Center for High Performance Sport, Catholic University of Murcia Catholic University of Murcia, 30107 Murcia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(8), 1898; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11081898
Received: 16 July 2019 / Revised: 7 August 2019 / Accepted: 13 August 2019 / Published: 14 August 2019
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Abstract

Human and animal studies have shown that Hesperidin has the ability to modulate antioxidant and inflammatory state and to improve aerobic performance. The main objective of this study was to assess whether the acute intake of 500 mg of 2S-Hesperidin (Cardiose®) improves antioxidant status, metabolism, and athletic performance, during and after a rectangular test (aerobic and anaerobic effort). For this, a crossover design was used in 15 cyclists (>1 year of training), with one week of washout between placebo and Cardiose® supplementation. After the intervention, significant differences in average power (+2.27%, p = 0.023), maximum speed (+3.23%, p = 0.043) and total energy (∑ 4 sprint test) (+2.64%, p = 0.028) between Cardiose® and placebo were found in the best data of the repeated sprint test. Small changes were also observed in the activity of catalase, superoxide dismutase, reduced glutathione concentration and oxidized/reduced glutathione (GSSG/GSH) ratio, as well as the lipoperoxidation products (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances; TBARS), at different points of the rectangular test, although not significant. Our findings showed improvements in anaerobic performance after Cardiose® intake, but not in placebo, suggesting the potential benefits of using Cardiose® in sports with a high anaerobic component. View Full-Text
Keywords: hesperidin; hesperitin; antioxidants; catalase; superoxide dismutase; reduced glutathione; oxidized glutathione; performance and exercise hesperidin; hesperitin; antioxidants; catalase; superoxide dismutase; reduced glutathione; oxidized glutathione; performance and exercise
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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MDPI and ACS Style

Martínez-Noguera, F.J.; Marín-Pagán, C.; Carlos-Vivas, J.; Rubio-Arias, J.A.; Alcaraz, P.E. Acute Effects of Hesperidin in Oxidant/Antioxidant State Markers and Performance in Amateur Cyclists. Nutrients 2019, 11, 1898.

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