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Nutrition Quality of Packaged Foods in Bogotá, Colombia: A Comparison of Two Nutrient Profile Models

1
Departamento de Nutrición Humana, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Carrera 45 N°26-85, Bogotá 11001, Colombia
2
Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, 8 piso Hospital Universitario San Ignacio, Bogotá 110231, Colombia
3
Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
4
Program of Physical Therapy, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine, 4444 Forest Park Avenue, St. Louis, MO 63108, USA
5
Carolina Population Center and Department of Nutrition, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(5), 1011; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11051011
Received: 11 April 2019 / Revised: 26 April 2019 / Accepted: 29 April 2019 / Published: 4 May 2019
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Abstract

Background: Front-of-package warning labels are an increasingly common policy and have been implemented to inform consumers of the nutritional quality of ultra-processed foods. This study examined the proportion of Colombian products that could be subjected to such regulations. Methods: Two nutrition profile models were compared: the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) model, and the nutrient profile established under the Chilean food labeling and advertising law (Chilean model). Products (n = 6708) exceeding nutrient criteria based on each model were identified as subject to regulation. Results: A total of 80.2% (PAHO model) to 66.4% (Chilean model) of foods met the criteria for regulation. The categories with the highest proportion of regulated products were meats (97.3% PAHO model; 87.5% Chilean model), sweets (95.6% PAHO) and snacks (Chilean model). The category with the lowest proportions of regulated products were cereals (47.3% PAHO model) and miscellaneous foods and fish/seafood (39.0% and 39.5%, respectively, Chilean model). Conclusions: Under both the PAHO and Chilean nutrient profile models, the majority of packaged foods available in Bogotá would be eligible to receive front-of-package warning labels. These results suggest a warning label law could have a major impact on the Colombian food supply, especially in the context of the growing prevalence of diet-related chronic diseases in Colombia. View Full-Text
Keywords: front-of-package labels; warning labels; labelling; nutrient profile models; Latin America; food policy; sugar-sweetened beverages; junk food front-of-package labels; warning labels; labelling; nutrient profile models; Latin America; food policy; sugar-sweetened beverages; junk food
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Mora-Plazas, M.; Gómez, L.F.; Miles, D.R.; Parra, D.C.; Taillie, L.S. Nutrition Quality of Packaged Foods in Bogotá, Colombia: A Comparison of Two Nutrient Profile Models. Nutrients 2019, 11, 1011.

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