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Nutrients 2019, 11(2), 287; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11020287

Nutrient Profiling Is Needed to Improve the Nutritional Quality of the Foods Labelled with Health-Related Claims

1
Nutrition Institute, Tržaška cesta 40, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
2
VIST—Higher School of Applied Sciences, Gerbičeva cesta 51a, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 December 2018 / Revised: 24 January 2019 / Accepted: 24 January 2019 / Published: 29 January 2019
Full-Text   |   PDF [268 KB, uploaded 29 January 2019]

Abstract

Health-related claims on food products influence consumers and their food preferences. None of the European countries have restricted the use of health claims to foods of high nutritional quality despite the regulatory background provided by the European Union in 2006. We evaluated the nutritional quality of foods labelled with claims available in the Slovenian market using two nutrient profile models—Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ) and European World Health Organization Regional office for Europe model (WHOE)—and compared the results to the nutritional quality of all available foods. Data for prepacked foods in the Slovenian food supply were collected in 2015 on a representative sample (n = 6619) and supplemented with 12-month product sales data for more accurate assessments of the food supply. A considerable proportion of foods labelled with any type of health-related claim was found to have poor nutritional quality. About 68% of the foods labelled with health-related claims passed FSANZ criterion (75% when considering sales data) and 33% passed the WHOE model (56% when considering sales data). Our results highlight the need for stricter regulations for the use of health-related claims and to build upon available nutrient profiling knowledge to improve nutrition quality of foods labeled with health-related claims. View Full-Text
Keywords: food supply; health claim; nutrition claim; nutrient profile; nutrition quality; sales data; Slovenia food supply; health claim; nutrition claim; nutrient profile; nutrition quality; sales data; Slovenia
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Pivk Kupirovič, U.; Miklavec, K.; Hribar, M.; Kušar, A.; Žmitek, K.; Pravst, I. Nutrient Profiling Is Needed to Improve the Nutritional Quality of the Foods Labelled with Health-Related Claims. Nutrients 2019, 11, 287.

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