Next Article in Journal
A Randomised Trial to Optimise Gestational Weight Gain and Improve Maternal and Infant Health Outcomes through Antenatal Dietary, Lifestyle and Exercise Advice: The OPTIMISE Randomised Trial
Previous Article in Journal
Allicin Improves Metabolism in High-Fat Diet-Induced Obese Mice by Modulating the Gut Microbiota
Open AccessArticle

The Impact of Wealth Status on Food Intake Patterns in Filipino School-Aged Children and Adolescents

Department of Science and Technology-Food and Nutrition Research Institute, Taguig City 1632, Philippines
Nestlé Research, Vers-Chez-Les-Blanc, 1000 Lausanne 26, Switzerland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(12), 2910;
Received: 24 July 2019 / Revised: 24 October 2019 / Accepted: 9 November 2019 / Published: 2 December 2019
Socio-economic status (SES) has an impact on food consumption in developing countries. However, the impact of SES on dietary patterns in Filipino school-aged children is currently unknown. The aim of this study was to fill this knowledge gap, using data from the 2013 National Nutrition Survey. Dietary intake of 11,691 children (6–18 years) were assessed using a 24-h recall. All food and beverages were assigned to one of 85 food groups. Mean daily intake, percent consuming (prevalence), and contribution to energy intake were determined, and stratified by SES, in 6–9 years old, 10–12 years old, and 13–18 years old. Rice was the most consumed food and the primary source of energy across all three age groups, independent of SES. Children of poor SES presented greater consumption of fish, vegetables, fruit, and table sugar (p < 0.05). In comparison, children of rich and middle SES presented greater consumption of milk, chicken, pork, sausages, and soft-drinks (p < 0.05). In conclusion, SES impacts the type of foods consumed by Filipino children, with children in the poorest households being most at risk of consuming low-variety diets. This analysis could be used to support public health strategies to improve dietary diversity, and potentially nutrient intake, in Filipino children. View Full-Text
Keywords: wealth status; nutrition; food patterns wealth status; nutrition; food patterns
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Angeles-Agdeppa, I.; Lenighan, Y.M.; Jacquier, E.F.; Toledo, M.B.; Capanzana, M.V. The Impact of Wealth Status on Food Intake Patterns in Filipino School-Aged Children and Adolescents. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2910.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop