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Open AccessArticle

The Impact of Wealth Status on Food Intake Patterns in Filipino School-Aged Children and Adolescents

1
Department of Science and Technology-Food and Nutrition Research Institute, Taguig City 1632, Philippines
2
Nestlé Research, Vers-Chez-Les-Blanc, 1000 Lausanne 26, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(12), 2910; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11122910
Received: 24 July 2019 / Revised: 24 October 2019 / Accepted: 9 November 2019 / Published: 2 December 2019
Socio-economic status (SES) has an impact on food consumption in developing countries. However, the impact of SES on dietary patterns in Filipino school-aged children is currently unknown. The aim of this study was to fill this knowledge gap, using data from the 2013 National Nutrition Survey. Dietary intake of 11,691 children (6–18 years) were assessed using a 24-h recall. All food and beverages were assigned to one of 85 food groups. Mean daily intake, percent consuming (prevalence), and contribution to energy intake were determined, and stratified by SES, in 6–9 years old, 10–12 years old, and 13–18 years old. Rice was the most consumed food and the primary source of energy across all three age groups, independent of SES. Children of poor SES presented greater consumption of fish, vegetables, fruit, and table sugar (p < 0.05). In comparison, children of rich and middle SES presented greater consumption of milk, chicken, pork, sausages, and soft-drinks (p < 0.05). In conclusion, SES impacts the type of foods consumed by Filipino children, with children in the poorest households being most at risk of consuming low-variety diets. This analysis could be used to support public health strategies to improve dietary diversity, and potentially nutrient intake, in Filipino children. View Full-Text
Keywords: wealth status; nutrition; food patterns wealth status; nutrition; food patterns
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MDPI and ACS Style

Angeles-Agdeppa, I.; Lenighan, Y.M.; Jacquier, E.F.; Toledo, M.B.; Capanzana, M.V. The Impact of Wealth Status on Food Intake Patterns in Filipino School-Aged Children and Adolescents. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2910.

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