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Open AccessArticle

Food Consumption during Pregnancy and Post-Partum. ECLIPSES Study

1
Nutrition and Public Health Unit, Research Group on Nutrition and Mental Health (NUTRISAM), Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, 43201 Reus, Spain
2
Pere Virgili Institute for Health Research (IISPV), Universitat Rovira i Virgili, 43003 Tarragona, Spain
3
Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare Service of Reus-Tarragona, Institut Català de la Salut, Generalitat de Catalunya, 43003 Tarragona, Spain
4
Tarragona-Reus Research Support Unit, Jordi Gol Primary Care Research Institute, 43003 Tarragona, Spain
5
CIBERobn (Center for Biomedical Research in Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, 28029 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Equal contribution.
Nutrients 2019, 11(10), 2447; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11102447
Received: 2 August 2019 / Revised: 16 September 2019 / Accepted: 30 September 2019 / Published: 14 October 2019
Inadequate maternal diet can adversely affect mother and child. Our aim was to assess adherence to the Spanish dietary guidelines and to the Mediterranean diet, to analyze changes in diet during pregnancy and post-partum, and to identify maternal factors associated with food consumption. A total of 793 healthy pregnant women were recruited during the first prenatal visit and followed until the post-partum period. Data from the clinical history, anthropometric measurements, and lifestyle habits were collected. Food consumption was evaluated using a food frequency questionnaire. The results show that in pregnant women the consumption of healthy foods did not meet recommendations, whereas consumption of red and processed meat and sweet food exceeded recommendations. The results also show a medium adherence to the Mediterranean diet that remained unchanged throughout pregnancy. A significant decrease was observed in the consumption of fruits, followed by vegetables and then salted and sweet cereals from pregnancy to post-partum. A better adherence to the Mediterranean diet has been reported by pregnant women that are older, of higher social class, and higher education level, and who do not smoke nor drink (p < 0.005). In conclusion, the diet of pregnant women from Spain departs from recommendations, medium adherence to the Mediterranean diet was maintained throughout the pregnancy and post-partum, and a decreasing consumption of healthy food from the first trimester to the post-partum period was observed. Maternal factors such as age, social class, education, and smoking influence diet quality. View Full-Text
Keywords: pregnancy; lactation; post-partum; food consumption; maternal factors; Mediterranean diet pregnancy; lactation; post-partum; food consumption; maternal factors; Mediterranean diet
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jardí, C.; Aparicio, E.; Bedmar, C.; Aranda, N.; Abajo, S.; March, G.; Basora, J.; Arija, V.; Study Group, t.E. Food Consumption during Pregnancy and Post-Partum. ECLIPSES Study. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2447. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11102447

AMA Style

Jardí C, Aparicio E, Bedmar C, Aranda N, Abajo S, March G, Basora J, Arija V, Study Group tE. Food Consumption during Pregnancy and Post-Partum. ECLIPSES Study. Nutrients. 2019; 11(10):2447. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11102447

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jardí, Cristina; Aparicio, Estefania; Bedmar, Cristina; Aranda, Núria; Abajo, Susana; March, Gemma; Basora, Josep; Arija, Victoria; Study Group, the ECLIPSES. 2019. "Food Consumption during Pregnancy and Post-Partum. ECLIPSES Study" Nutrients 11, no. 10: 2447. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11102447

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