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The Food Supply Prior to the Implementation of the Chilean Law of Food Labeling and Advertising

1
Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, University of Chile, Independencia 1027, Santiago 8380453, Chile
2
Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology, University of Chile, Macul, Santiago 7830490, Chile
3
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Population Health, University of Auckland, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(1), 52; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11010052
Received: 1 December 2018 / Revised: 19 December 2018 / Accepted: 20 December 2018 / Published: 28 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Front-of-Pack Nutrition Label and Public Health)
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Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the composition of the food supply ahead of the implementation of the Chilean Law of Food Labeling and Advertising (Law 20.606) in June 2016. The INFORMAS (International Network for Food and Obesity/Non-communicable Diseases (NCDs) Research, Monitoring and Action Support) framework for monitoring the composition of the food supply was used. The Law’s initial (2016) and final (2019) limits were used to evaluate if foods would receive a “High in” warning for Calories, Sodium, Sugars and/or Saturated Fats (initial/final, solids: >350/275 kcal; >800/400 mg; >22.5/10 g; >6/4 g; liquids: >100/70 kcal; >100/100 mg; >6/5 g; >3/3 g respectively). Foods were excluded if they required reconstitution, had missing information or if total labeled energy was estimated as incorrect (n = 942). In February 2015 and 2016, fieldworkers photographed a purposeful sample of packaged food and beverage products (n = 5421 and n = 5479) from 6 different supermarkets in Santiago, Chile. Seven percent of foods had no added critical nutrients (n = 720). Two-thirds of products had critical nutrients exceeding at least one initial limit indicative of a “high in” warning. Under the final phase limits, only 17% of foods would have zero warning labels. By 2019, 10 of the 17 food and beverage categories studied are predicted to have less than half of their products without a high in sodium warning label. While 8 of the 17 categories studied are predicted to have less than half their products without a high in total sugars or a high in total calories warning label, respectively; while even fewer food and beverage categories are predicted to be without a high in saturated fat warning label. Most products will have to be reformulated to avoid at least one front-of-package warning label. View Full-Text
Keywords: law 20.606; INFORMAS; critical nutrients; food environment; Chile law 20.606; INFORMAS; critical nutrients; food environment; Chile
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Kanter, R.; Reyes, M.; Swinburn, B.; Vandevijvere, S.; Corvalán, C. The Food Supply Prior to the Implementation of the Chilean Law of Food Labeling and Advertising. Nutrients 2019, 11, 52.

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