Next Article in Journal
Lower Serum Zinc Levels in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis Compared to Healthy Controls
Previous Article in Journal
Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet Is Associated with Physical Activity, Self-Concept and Sociodemographic Factors in University Student
Article Menu
Issue 8 (August) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Olive Oil Consumption and Bone Microarchitecture in Spanish Women

1
Metabolic Bone Diseases Research Group, University of Extremadura, 10003 Caceres, Spain
2
Departamento de Enfermería y Fisioterapia, Universidad de Cádiz, 11009 Cádiz, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Nutrients 2018, 10(8), 968; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10080968
Received: 11 July 2018 / Revised: 21 July 2018 / Accepted: 25 July 2018 / Published: 26 July 2018
  |  
PDF [279 KB, uploaded 26 July 2018]

Abstract

Olive oil has been demonstrated to enhance various cardiometabolic risk factors. However, to our knowledge, the association between olive oil intake and cortical and trabecular bone microarchitecture has never been evaluated in Spanish women. We aimed to examine the association between olive oil intake and cortical and trabecular bone microarchitecture. We analyzed 523 women aged 50 (9) year, range (23–81) year. Participants underwent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and peripheral quantitative computed tomography scans. Dietary intake of calcium, vitamin D, energy and olive oil (g/day) were assessed by a self-administered food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). After adjustment for potential confounding factors (calcium (mg/day), vitamin D (μg/day) energy (Kcal/day), age, body mass index (BMI) (kg/m2), menopausal status, and osteoporotic diagnosis (normal, osteopenia, or osteoporosis)), there were significant increases in volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) (mg/cm3) (p < 0.01) in the group with a higher intake of olive oil. Total, trabecular and cortical bone density were positively correlated with olive oil intake. The dietary intake of olive oil was significantly associated with vBMD in multiple regression analysis; total density: olive oil intake (g/day) standardized β = 0.185 (p < 0.001), trabecular density: olive oil intake (g/day) standardized β = 0.186 (p < 0.001) and cortical density olive oil intake (g/day) standardized β = 0.114 (p = 0.008). We conclude that the dietary intake of olive oil is positively associated with a better vBMD in Spanish women. View Full-Text
Keywords: bone density; diet records; dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scan; peripheral quantitative computed tomography; cross-sectional studies; female; olive oil bone density; diet records; dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scan; peripheral quantitative computed tomography; cross-sectional studies; female; olive oil
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Roncero-Martín, R.; Aliaga Vera, I.; Moreno-Corral, L.J.; Moran, J.M.; Lavado-Garcia, J.M.; Pedrera-Zamorano, J.D.; Pedrera-Canal, M. Olive Oil Consumption and Bone Microarchitecture in Spanish Women. Nutrients 2018, 10, 968.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top