Next Article in Journal
Macronutrient Composition of the Australian Population’s Diet; Trends from Three National Nutrition Surveys 1983, 1995 and 2012
Previous Article in Journal
Discovering Health Benefits of Phytochemicals with Integrated Analysis of the Molecular Network, Chemical Properties and Ethnopharmacological Evidence
Article Menu
Issue 8 (August) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Nutrients 2018, 10(8), 1044;

Mexican Households’ Purchases of Foods and Beverages Vary by Store-Type, Taxation Status, and SES

Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7461, USA
Department of Health Policy and Management, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7411, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 July 2018 / Revised: 30 July 2018 / Accepted: 2 August 2018 / Published: 8 August 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [1578 KB, uploaded 13 August 2018]   |  


Where people shop for food is often linked to the healthiness of food purchases. In Mexico, no research has examined the connection between where people shop, what they buy, and their socioeconomic status (SES). Mexico’s sugary beverage and junk food taxes have made households decrease purchases of taxed products. However, whether households have changed where they shop is unknown. To address this gap, we use a repeated cross-sectional analysis of household packaged food and beverage purchases from the Nielsen Mexico Consumer Panel Survey from 2012 to 2015 (n > 5500 households). We examine changes in the volume of the purchase of taxed and untaxed products from different store-types (i.e., convenience stores, supermarkets, traditional retailers, wholesalers, home water-delivery, and others) by SES using multivariate linear regression models. Results show that high-SES households purchased more foods and beverages at all store-types except for low-SES who purchased the most foods and taxed beverages at traditional retailers. Purchases of taxed foods and beverages from traditional retailers significantly decreased for low-SES and middle-SES households and from supermarkets for middle-SES and high-SES households. Purchases of untaxed beverages from wholesalers significantly increased for middle-SES households and from convenience stores for high-SES households. Our findings suggest that consumers choose different stores to purchase beverages than to purchase foods and that taxes may have differentially affected each store-type. View Full-Text
Keywords: food purchases; retailers; socioeconomic factors; taxes; Mexico food purchases; retailers; socioeconomic factors; taxes; Mexico

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material


Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Pedraza, L.S.; Popkin, B.M.; Salgado, J.C.; Taillie, L.S. Mexican Households’ Purchases of Foods and Beverages Vary by Store-Type, Taxation Status, and SES. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1044.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top