Next Article in Journal
Protective Effects of a Lipid Extract from Hard-Shelled Mussel (Mytilus coruscus) on Intestinal Integrity after Lipopolysaccharide Challenge in Mice
Previous Article in Journal
β-glucan Salecan Improves Exercise Performance and Displays Anti-Fatigue Effects through Regulating Energy Metabolism and Oxidative Stress in Mice
Open AccessArticle

Risk of Metabolic Syndrome among Middle-Aged Koreans from Rural and Urban Areas

Department of Nutritional Science and Food Management, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 03760, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(7), 859; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10070859
Received: 25 May 2018 / Revised: 25 June 2018 / Accepted: 29 June 2018 / Published: 3 July 2018
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a common global health problem. This study aims to assess nutrient intake and risk of MetS in middle-aged Koreans based in residential areas. Participants were 161,326 (142,137 in urban and 19,189 in rural) subjects enrolled in the Korea Genome and Epidemiology Study. The prevalence of MetS was much higher in rural (39.8%) than that in urban (22.5%) subjects (p < 0.001). The rural residents showed significantly higher blood pressure (p < 0.001), serum triglyceride levels (p < 0.001), and LDL (Low density lipoprotein)-cholesterol level (p < 0.001), as well as the odds ratio (OR) for MetS (OR = 1.65, 95% CI: 1.59–1.71), compared to urban residents. The rural subjects showed a higher consumption of carbohydrate and sodium compared to the urban subjects (p < 0.001). After adjusting for potential confounders, subjects in the highest quartile of carbohydrate intake had higher OR for MetS (OR = 1.23, 95% CI: 1.15–1.32) and those in the highest quartile of sodium intake had a higher chance of having MetS (OR = 1.11, 95% CI: 1.07–1.16) than did those in the lowest quartiles. Our results suggested that the higher consumption of carbohydrate and sodium in rural residents might be associated with the increased risk of MetS in this population. View Full-Text
Keywords: metabolic syndrome; urban; rural; carbohydrate; sodium metabolic syndrome; urban; rural; carbohydrate; sodium
MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, S.; Shin, Y.; Kim, Y. Risk of Metabolic Syndrome among Middle-Aged Koreans from Rural and Urban Areas. Nutrients 2018, 10, 859.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop