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Diet-Quality and Socio-Demographic Factors Associated with Non-Nutritive Sweetener Use in the Australian Population

Nutrition and Dietetics Discipline, School of Life and Environmental Sciences at the Charles Perkins Centre, The University of Sydney, Sydney 2006, Australia
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Nutrients 2018, 10(7), 833; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10070833
Received: 31 May 2018 / Revised: 21 June 2018 / Accepted: 25 June 2018 / Published: 27 June 2018
Non-nutritive sweeteners (NNS) are used in the food supply to replace sugar and/or to reduce dietary energy intake. The aim of this research was to assess the consumption prevalence and food sources of NNS in the Australian population. Food group and nutrient intakes were assessed to compare diet quality of NNS consumers and non-consumers. Secondary analysis of the Australian National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, 2011/12 was conducted (n = 12,435) after identifying all NNS products consumed in the population. The proportion of participants that reported intake of NNS per day was 18.2% for adults (19+ years), and 8.5% for children (2–18 years), with the most common food sources being carbonated soft drinks, tabletop sweeteners, and yoghurt. Characteristics associated with NNS consumption in adults included being female, higher body mass index (BMI), self-reported diabetes status, and being on a weight-loss diet. For adults, NNS consumers had lower free sugar intake but energy intake did not differ from non-consumers. However, for children, no differences in free sugar or energy intake were observed between consumers and non-consumers. While these results support the use of NNS in reducing sugar intake, these data suggest compensatory increases in energy intake may occur. View Full-Text
Keywords: intense sweeteners; artificial sweeteners; sweetening agents; sweetened beverages; diet quality; nutrition; diabetes; obesity intense sweeteners; artificial sweeteners; sweetening agents; sweetened beverages; diet quality; nutrition; diabetes; obesity
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Grech, A.; Kam, C.O.; Gemming, L.; Rangan, A. Diet-Quality and Socio-Demographic Factors Associated with Non-Nutritive Sweetener Use in the Australian Population. Nutrients 2018, 10, 833.

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