Next Article in Journal
Correction: Martínez-González, M.A. et al. Transferability of the Mediterranean Diet to Non-Mediterranean Countries. What Is and What Is Not the Mediterranean Diet. Nutrients 2017, 9, 1226
Previous Article in Journal
Cholesterol-Lowering and Liver-Protective Effects of Cooked and Germinated Mung Beans (Vigna radiata L.)
Article Menu
Issue 7 (July) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Nutrients 2018, 10(7), 822; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10070822

High Prevalence of Insufficient Vitamin D Intake and Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D in Chinese School-Age Children: A Cross-Sectional Study

1
Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing 100191, China
2
Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing 100191, China
3
Department of Social Medicine and Health Education, School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing 100191, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 May 2018 / Revised: 19 June 2018 / Accepted: 21 June 2018 / Published: 26 June 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [256 KB, uploaded 26 June 2018]

Abstract

Despite the importance of vitamin D in early stages of life, data are lacking on the levels of vitamin D intake and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-(OH)D) among Chinese school-age children. The aims of this study were to investigate the vitamin D intake and serum 25-(OH)D concentration of children aged 7 to 12 years in China, and to measure the associations between vitamin D status and children’s growth and development parameters. We obtained data on vitamin D intake, serum 25-(OH)D concentration, and anthropometric measurements from a cross-sectional study on school-aged children in China. Multiple linear regression and multivariable logistic regression analyses assessed the associations mentioned above. A total of 563 children (9.5 ± 1.6 years) from six areas of China were included. Among them, 86.1% had a vitamin D intake below the recommended nutrient intake (10 μg/day), and 54.7% had vitamin D deficiency (serum 25-(OH)D <15 ng/mL). We also found that high vitamin D intake was inversely associated with the risk of vitamin D deficiency (OR = 0.836, 95% confidence interval: 0.713, 0.980), and serum 25-(OH)D concentration was positively associated with the intelligence score and body mass index-for-age Z-score (BAZ) (p < 0.05). Insufficient vitamin D intake and serum 25-(OH)D are prevalent among Chinese school-aged children. A negative association was observed between vitamin D intake and the risk of vitamin D deficiency. Moreover, vitamin D status was positively associated with intelligence and BAZ, which await confirmation in future studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: vitamin D intake; 25-hydroxyvitamin D; children; growth and development vitamin D intake; 25-hydroxyvitamin D; children; growth and development
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, Y.; Li, X.; Zhao, A.; Zheng, W.; Guo, M.; Xue, Y.; Wang, P.; Zhang, Y. High Prevalence of Insufficient Vitamin D Intake and Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D in Chinese School-Age Children: A Cross-Sectional Study. Nutrients 2018, 10, 822.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top