Factors Influencing Children’s Eating Behaviours
Fondazione De Marchi—Department of Pediatrics, IRCCS Ca’ Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, 20122 Milan, Italy
Pediatric Intermediate Care Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Ca’ Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, 20122 Milan, Italy
Branch of Medical Statistics, Biometry, and Epidemiology “G. A. Maccacaro”, Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, University of Milan, 20122 Milan, Italy
Department of Neurosciences and Mental Health, Fondazione IRCCS Ca’ Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, University of Milan, 20122 Milan, Italy
Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health (DISCCO), University of Milan, 20122 Milan, Italy
Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Neonatology, University of Milan, Fondazione IRCCS Ca’ Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Via Commenda 12, 20122 Milan, Italy
Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, University of Milan, 20122 Milan, Italy
IRCCS “E. Medea”, Bosisio Parini, 23900 Lecco, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(6), 706; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10060706
Received: 10 April 2018 / Revised: 28 May 2018 / Accepted: 30 May 2018 / Published: 31 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition in Pediatric Gastroenterology: Selected Papers from SIGENP)
Relevant factors involved in the creation of some children’s food preferences and eating behaviours have been examined in order to highlight the topic and give paediatricians practical instruments to understand the background behind eating behaviour and to manage children’s nutrition for preventive purposes. Electronic databases were searched to locate and appraise relevant studies. We carried out a search to identify papers published in English on factors that influence children’s feeding behaviours. The family system that surrounds a child’s domestic life will have an active role in establishing and promoting behaviours that will persist throughout his or her life. Early-life experiences with various tastes and flavours have a role in promoting healthy eating in future life. The nature of a narrative review makes it difficult to integrate complex interactions when large sets of studies are involved. In the current analysis, parental food habits and feeding strategies are the most dominant determinants of a child’s eating behaviour and food choices. Parents should expose their offspring to a range of good food choices while acting as positive role models. Prevention programmes should be addressed to them, taking into account socioeconomic aspects and education.