Next Article in Journal
Analysis of Outcomes of the Nutritional Status in Patients Qualified for Aortic Valve Replacement in Comparison to Healthy Elderly
Previous Article in Journal
Resveratrol Inhibits Porcine Intestinal Glucose and Alanine Transport: Potential Roles of Na+/K+-ATPase Activity, Protein Kinase A, AMP-Activated Protein Kinase and the Association of Selected Nutrient Transport Proteins with Detergent Resistant Membranes
Open AccessArticle

Body Fat Measurements in Singaporean Adults Using Four Methods

1
Clinical Nutrition Research Centre (CNRC), Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences (SICS), Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), 30 Medical Drive, Singapore 117609, Singapore
2
Department of Biochemistry, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117599, Singapore
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(3), 303; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10030303
Received: 29 January 2018 / Revised: 26 February 2018 / Accepted: 1 March 2018 / Published: 5 March 2018
Few studies have been conducted to measure body composition in Asian populations. In this study, we determined the percent body fat (PBF) by using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), air-displacement plethysmography (ADP or BOD POD), bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and skinfold (SKF) in 445 healthy Singaporean adults. We observed that the BOD POD, BIA and SKF estimates of PBF were highly correlated with that from DEXA (as a reference method) among Singaporean adults. However, they all underestimated PBF (differences of 3.9% for BOD POD, 5.6% for BIA and 12.5% for SKF). Our results filled a gap in the literature by testing the relationships between DEXA and BOD POD, BIA and SKF in a large sample with a wide range of body mass index (BMI) from 16.1 to 37.5 kg/m2 and age from 21 to 69.2 years. The differences of PBF measured by different methods were dependent on age, gender and ethnicity. No significant difference was observed between DEXA and BOD POD in men aged > 40 or in BMI tertile 3. However, the mean difference between DEXA and BOD POD was significant in women. Different measuring methods of estimating PBF therefore must be cautiously interpreted. View Full-Text
Keywords: body fat; air-displacement plethysmography; dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry; bioelectrical impedance analysis; skinfold body fat; air-displacement plethysmography; dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry; bioelectrical impedance analysis; skinfold
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Bi, X.; Loo, Y.T.; Henry, C.J. Body Fat Measurements in Singaporean Adults Using Four Methods. Nutrients 2018, 10, 303.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop