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Open AccessArticle

Mindfulness Is Associated with the Metabolic Syndrome among Individuals with a Depressive Symptomatology

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Nutritional Epidemiology Research Team (EREN), Centre of Research in Epidemiology and Statistics Sorbonne Paris Cité, Inserm (U1153), Inra (U1125), Cnam, Paris 13 University, COMUE Sorbonne Paris Cité, 93017 Bobigny, France
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Surveillance and Nutritional Epidemiology Research Unit, Santé Publique France, Paris 13 University, COMUE Sorbonne Paris Cité, 93017 Bobigny, France
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Public Health Department, Avicenne Hospital, 93017 Bobigny, France
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(2), 232; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10020232
Received: 16 December 2017 / Revised: 1 February 2018 / Accepted: 13 February 2018 / Published: 17 February 2018
The Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) is a major public health burden. Dispositional mindfulness has recently been associated with eating disorders, being overweight, and could therefore be associated with the MetS. We aimed to examine in a cross-sectional design the relationship between mindfulness, the MetS, and its risk factors in a large sample of the adult general population and the influence of depressive symptomatology on this association. Adults participating in the NutriNet-Santé study who had completed the Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire and attended a clinical and biological examination were available for inclusion. Multivariable logistic regression models adjusted for socio-demographic and lifestyle factors were performed. A total of 17,490 individuals were included. Among individuals with a depressive symptomatology, those with higher mindfulness were less likely to have a MetS (OR: 0.73, 95% CI: 0.57–0.93), a high waist circumference, a low HDL-cholesterol level and an elevated fasting blood glucose level (all p <0.05). In those without depressive symptomatology, individuals with higher mindfulness were less likely to have a high waist circumference (p <0.01). In conclusion, higher mindfulness was associated with lower odds of developing a MetS only among individuals with a depressive symptomatology. View Full-Text
Keywords: mindfulness; metabolic syndrome x; risk factors; depression; epidemiology mindfulness; metabolic syndrome x; risk factors; depression; epidemiology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Guyot, E.; Baudry, J.; Hercberg, S.; Galan, P.; Kesse-Guyot, E.; Péneau, S. Mindfulness Is Associated with the Metabolic Syndrome among Individuals with a Depressive Symptomatology. Nutrients 2018, 10, 232.

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